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Ohio Regiment Infantry (3 years)
Infantry Soldier Roster - Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State
of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, Volume 2, by Ohio Roster
Commission (Joseph B. Foraker, Governor, James S. Robinson, Sec'y of State
and H. A. Axline, Adjutant-General), 1886
View Entire Book
|First Infantry. — (Three Years' Service.) Cols.,
Benjamin F. Smith, Edwin A. Parrot; Lieut.-Col., E. Bassett Langdon;
Maj., Joab A. Stafford. This regiment was organized at Dayton, from Aug.
5 to Oct. 30, 1861, to serve for three years. The original members
(except veterans) were mustered out on Sept. 24, 1864, and the veterans
and recruits were transferred to the 18th veteran Ohio infantry, Oct.
31, 1864. The regiment began its battles at Shiloh and closed its career
in front of Atlanta. After its first engagement it participated in the
tedious movement on Corinth, having occasional skirmishes. On May 27,
six companies of the regiment had a brisk fight at Bridge creek. In
company with Gen. Buell's army it made the arduous march into Kentucky,
and at Dog Walk, a brisk fight was had with the enemy, in which the 1st
Ohio took a prominent part, with the loss of 8 or 10 men. At the battle
of Stone's river the 1st was actively engaged from daylight until the
field was won. At Chickamauga its position was in the front line on the
right of the 3d brigade of the 2nd division, 20th corps, and
participated in the charge which recaptured the ground from which Gen.
Baird had been driven earlier in the day. Early on the following morning
rude breastworks were thrown up in front of the Federal lines, and the
1st occupied the second line of intrenchments. Throughout the day it was
actively engaged and the loss of the regiment in these two days'
fighting was 120 killed and wounded. Three days later at Orchard knob
the 1st with the 23d Ky., charged on the enemy, capturing his rifle-pits
and 150 prisoners, and the Confederates were driven into their
intrenchments at the foot of Missionary ridge. At the battle of
Missionary ridge the regiment was on the right of its brigade and
division and mounted the steep, rugged sides of the hill with an energy
almost superhuman. It was with Sherman's forces on the Atlanta campaign,
closing its fighting career at the crossing of Chattahoochee river on
July 6, 1864.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 2