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1st Ohio Regiment Infantry (3 years)

Online Books
1st Ohio Infantry Soldier Roster - Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, Volume 2, by Ohio Roster Commission (Joseph B. Foraker, Governor, James S. Robinson, Sec'y of State and H. A. Axline, Adjutant-General), 1886     View Entire Book

Regimental History
First Infantry. (Three Years' Service.) Cols., Benjamin F. Smith, Edwin A. Parrot; Lieut.-Col., E. Bassett Langdon; Maj., Joab A. Stafford. This regiment was organized at Dayton, from Aug. 5 to Oct. 30, 1861, to serve for three years. The original members (except veterans) were mustered out on Sept. 24, 1864, and the veterans and recruits were transferred to the 18th veteran Ohio infantry, Oct. 31, 1864. The regiment began its battles at Shiloh and closed its career in front of Atlanta. After its first engagement it participated in the tedious movement on Corinth, having occasional skirmishes. On May 27, six companies of the regiment had a brisk fight at Bridge creek. In company with Gen. Buell's army it made the arduous march into Kentucky, and at Dog Walk, a brisk fight was had with the enemy, in which the 1st Ohio took a prominent part, with the loss of 8 or 10 men. At the battle of Stone's river the 1st was actively engaged from daylight until the field was won. At Chickamauga its position was in the front line on the right of the 3d brigade of the 2nd division, 20th corps, and participated in the charge which recaptured the ground from which Gen. Baird had been driven earlier in the day. Early on the following morning rude breastworks were thrown up in front of the Federal lines, and the 1st occupied the second line of intrenchments. Throughout the day it was actively engaged and the loss of the regiment in these two days' fighting was 120 killed and wounded. Three days later at Orchard knob the 1st with the 23d Ky., charged on the enemy, capturing his rifle-pits and 150 prisoners, and the Confederates were driven into their intrenchments at the foot of Missionary ridge. At the battle of Missionary ridge the regiment was on the right of its brigade and division and mounted the steep, rugged sides of the hill with an energy almost superhuman. It was with Sherman's forces on the Atlanta campaign, closing its fighting career at the crossing of Chattahoochee river on July 6, 1864.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 2

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