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1st Ohio Heavy Artillery

Online Books
1st Ohio Heavy Artillery Soldier Roster - Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866, Volume 10, by Ohio Roster Commission (Joseph B. Foraker, Governor, James S. Robinson, Sec'y of State and H. A. Axline, Adjutant-General), 1886     View Entire Book

Regimental History
First Heavy Artillery. Col., Chauncey D. Hawley; Lieut.-Col., Fordyce M. Keith; Majs., William G. Dickson, Robert W. Caldwell, Timothy S. Matthews, Henry L. Barnes. This regiment was mustered into the U. S. service as the 117th Ohio infantry at Camp Portsmouth, in Sept., 1862, for three years, its eight companies aggregating 796 men. The following month it was ordered to Kentucky, where it remained on guard duty and expeditions against guerrillas until in May, 1863, when orders were issued by the war department changing the organization into the 1st regiment, heavy artillery, and on Aug. 12 it was so reorganized, with twelve full companies, aggregating 1,839 officers and men. During the process of reorganization the regiment constructed the extensive fortifications around Covington and Newport, and through the fall and winter of 1863-64 the regiment, in battalion detachments, was engaged in guard duty at various points in Kentucky. On Feb. 19, 1864, it started under orders, through heavy snow and extreme cold, over the mountains to Knoxville, Tenn., arriving there on March 9. Until September it was engaged in guarding the railroads through Tennessee, and subsequently participated in Burbridge's and Stoneman's raids against Saltville. During the winter of 1864-65 it was constantly engaged in foraging and fighting guerrillas throughout East Tennessee and North Carolina. Forming a part of the 1st brigade, 4th division, Army of the Cumberland, it was engaged in guarding mountain passes and garrisoning captured points in Virginia and North Carolina. After the surrender of Lee and Johnston it saw service in North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Tennessee. On July 25, 1865, it was mustered out of the service, at Knoxville, Tenn., in accordance with orders from the war department.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 2

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