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9th New York Artillery Heavy

Online Books:
9th New York Artillery Heavy Soldier Roster - Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York For the Year 1893, Volume 12     View the Entire Book

Regimental History
Ninth New York Artillery (Heavy). — Cols., Joseph Welling, William H. Seward, Jr., Edwin P. Taft, J. W. Snyder; Lieut. -Cols., William H. Seward, Jr, Edwin P. Taft, James W. Snyder, William Wood; Majs,. Edwin P. Taft, Truman Gregory, William Wood, Anson S. Wood, William R. Wasson, Charles Burgess, Sullivan B. Lamoreaux, James Snyder, Irwin Squyer. This was one of the most gallant regiments sent out by the Empire State. It was recruited in Aug., 1862, by Col. Welling as the 138th infantry in the counties of Cayuga and Wayne, Co. M, originally organized at Lockport as the 22nd light battery, being transferred to the 9th in Feb., 1863. The regiment was organized at Auburn and was there mustered into the U. S. service for three years, Sept. 8-9, 1862. Co. L was organized at Albany in 1863, and joined the regiment in December of that year. The regiment — ten companies — left the state on Sept. 12, 1862, and was stationed in the fortifications about Washington, where it was converted into an artillery regiment on Dec. 9, and designated the 9th regiment of artillery ten days later. Its active service in the field commenced in May, 1864, after which it took part in the following battles: Cold Harbor, Monocacy, the Opequan, Cedar creek, siege of Petersburg, fall of Petersburg, Sailor's creek, Fort Stevens, Snicker's gap, Charlestown, Halltown, Smithfield, Hatcher's run and Appomattox. Col. Fox, in his "Regimental Losses in the Civil War," includes it in the list of three hundred fighting regiments, and says: "During its stay within the defenses of Washington, the 9th built Forts Simmons, Mansfield, Bayard, Gaines and Foote. On May 18, 1864, the regiment left Alexandria, Va., for the front, where it was assigned soon after its arrival, to Col. B. F. Smith's (3d) brigade, Ricketts' (3d) division, 6th corps; with which it took part in the storming of the earthworks at Cold Harbor, its first experience under fire. Only two battalions were engaged there, the 3d, under Maj. Snyder — Cos. C, I, L and F — having been ordered on detached service with the artillery brigade; the other two battalions were armed and drilled as infantry — loss at Cold Harbor, 16 killed, 126 wounded and 6 missing. The 3d battalion did not rejoin the regiment until Oct. 3, 1864, the other eight companies, in the meanwhile, having fought in the bloody battles of the Monocacy and the Opequan. At Cedar creek the three battalions were again united, the gallant bearing of the regiment in that battle evoking special mention in the official report of the division general. It lost in that action, 43 killed and 165 wounded, and at the Opequan it lost 6 killed and 36 wounded." The regiment sustained a total loss by death during service of 453, of whom 7 officers and 196 men were killed and mortally wounded; 4 officers and 246 men died of disease and other causes, including 41 who died in Confederate prisons. Its total of killed and wounded amounted to 824, and it was one of the nine heavy artillery regiments in the war whose loss in killed exceeded 200. Its loss of 305 killed, wounded and missing was the greatest sustained by any regiment in the battle of Monocacy. The regiment was mustered out, under Col. James W. Snyder, at Washington, D. C, July 6, 1865, those not entitled to discharge having been consolidated into four companies and transferred to the 2nd N. Y. artillery on June 27. The total enrollment of the Ninth was 3,227.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 2

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