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52nd New York Infantry

Online Books:
52nd New York Infantry Soldier Roster - Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York For the Year 1893, Volume 25     View the Entire Book

Regimental History
Fifty-second New York Infantry. — Cols., Paul Frank, Henry M. Karples; Lieut.-Cols., Philip J. Lichtenstein, Charles G. Fredenburg, George W. Von Schack, Henry M. Karples, James C. Bronson, Henry P. Ritzius; Majs., Charles G. Fredenburg, Edward Venuti, Henry M. Karples, Henry P. Ritzius, Charles Kronmeyer. The 52nd, known also as the Sigel Rifles, composed of six companies of the German Rangers and four companies of the Sigel Rifles, was recruited in New York city and there mustered into the U. S. service Nov. 5, 1861, for a three years' term. It left the state for Washington on Nov. 12, with 950 men, went into camp at Bladensburg and was assigned to Sumner's division, in the brigade which later became the 3d brigade, 1st division, 2nd corps, Army of the Potomac. Winter quarters were established at Camp California, Va., and there the regiment remained until March 10, 1862, when it moved to Manassas, thence to Alexandria and on April 4 embarked for Yorktown. It participated in the siege of Yorktown, was closely engaged at Fair Oaks, with the loss of 122 in killed, wounded or missing out of 320 engaged. It took part in the Seven Days' battles and when the army rested at Harrison's landing in July the regiment was able to present but 67 men for active duty, having suffered severely during the entire campaign both from wounds and sickness. In August the ranks were greatly strengthened, when the regiment, attached to the 1st brigade, 1st division, 2nd corps, moved to Alexandria and in September to Tennallytown, where it was transferred to the 3d brigade. It reached South mountain after the battle, was closely engaged at Antietam and then encamped at Harper's Ferry until Oct. 29, when it moved to Snicker's gap and encountered the enemy. On Nov. 17, it arrived at Falmouth, participated in the battle of Fredericksburg, and then occupied winter quarters at Falmouth until April 28, 1863. The regiment was active in the Chancellorsville campaign, returned to camp at Falmouth until June 15, then moved to Gettysburg, where it arrived early in the morning of July 2 and was posted on Cemetery ridge, where it fought gallantly during the battle. Moving southward, the regiment was active in October at Bristoe Station, and Mitchell's ford; shared in the Mine run campaign in November and went into winter quarters at Stevensburg. On May 4, 1864, it broke camp for the Wilderness campaign and participated in the constant fighting of that month with heavy loss. At the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, the Po river, the North Anna river, Totopotomoy and Cold Harbor it was prominent on the battle line, then moved to Petersburg, where it shared in the first assault and performed an active part in the arduous duties of the siege. It participated in engagements at the Weldon railroad, Deep Bottom, at Strawberry Plains, and at Hatcher's run. In July, 1864, the regiment was transferred to the consolidated brigade, 1st division, 2nd corps and in November, to the 3d brigade, 1st division, 2nd corps. In Sept. and Oct., 1864, the original members not reenlisted were mustered out at New York city. On March 29, 1865, the 52nd was engaged at White Oak ridge with heavy loss, and it was present at the final assault on Petersburg April 2. It was mustered out at Alexandria, July 1, 1865. During the term of service the command lost 153 by death from wounds, 94 by death from accident or disease, and 103 died in prison. In the battles in which the 52nd participated, it lost 752 members killed, wounded or missing. It is numbered among the "three hundred fighting regiments."

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 2

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