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21st New York
Roster - Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York For the Year
1893, Volume 20 View the Entire Book
|Twenty-first New York Infantry. Col., William F. Rogers; Lieut. -Cols.,
Adrian R. Root, William H. Drew, Horace G. Thomas, Chester W. Sternberg; Majs., William H.
Drew, Horace G. Thomas, Chester W. Sternberg, Edward L. Lee. The 21st, the 1st Buffalo
regiment, was recruited in that city, and was the outgrowth of the 74th N. Y. militia. It
was mustered into the U. S. service May 20, 1861, at Elmira, for three months and left
there for Washington on June 18. It was first quartered at the Union house, then at
Kalorama heights and on July 14 moved to Fort Runyon, Va. As in the other regiments which
were mustered for three months the order for remuster for the remainder of a two years'
term, was received with ill feeling and 41 members were placed under arrest and sen-
tenced to the Dry Tortugas, from which sentence they were released on condition that they
finish their term of service with the 2nd N. Y. infantry. On Aug. 31, the regiment was
attached to Wadsworth's brigade, McDowell's division, and ordered to Fort Cass, thence to
Upton's hill. Here a fort was built, called Fort Buffalo, which became the winter quarters
of the regiment until March 10, 1862, when it broke camp for the general advance movement.
The regiment moved to Centerville, the brigade under command of Gen. Patrick and the
division under Gen. King. After various marches, countermarches and minor encounters with
the enemy, it fought at the second battle of Bull Run and Chantilly. At Upton's hill,
where the army rested for a short time, the 21st was assigned to the 3d brigade, 1st
division, 1st corps and with it fought at South mountain and Antietam, losing 71 members
in the latter engagement. During the battle of Fredericksburg the brigade was stationed on
the extreme left of the army. The regiment was assigned to Patrick's provost guard brigade
on Jan. 9, 1863, and was associated with it until the end of the term of enlistment. It
was mustered out at Buffalo, May 18, 1863, having lost during its term of service 75 by
death from wounds and 42 by death from other causes.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 2