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14th New York Cavalry

Online Books:
14th New York Cavalry Soldier Roster - Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York For the Year 1893, Volume 4     View the Entire Book

Regimental History
Fourteenth New York Cavalry.— Cols., Thaddeus P. Mott, Abraham Bassford; Lieut.-Cols., John W. Cropsey, John Ennis; Majs., William D. Morton, John Ennis, Abraham Bassford, Collins Chesebrough, James A. Duffy. The 14th, known as the Metropolitan cavalry, was organized in New York city as part of the Metropolitan brigade. It was chiefly recruited in the counties of New York, Erie and Queens. The companies rendezvoused at Riker's island and were there mustered into the U. S. service from Nov. 24, 1862, to July 18, 1863, for three years. On Aug. 1, 1863, Cos. A to I were consolidated into three companies — A, B and C — making the organization a battalion of six companies, which on June 12, 1865, commanded by Col. Bassford, was transferred to the 18th N. Y. cavalry. The regiment went out under command of Col. Mott, who had distinguished himself as captain of the 3d independent battery. Five companies left the state on Feb. 8, 1863, four more in April, and the remainder in October. A part of the regiment shared in the siege of Port Hudson, La., and a part was active during the draft riot in New York city. Most of the term of service was spent in the Department of the Gulf, as part of Arnold's division, 19th corps. In the Red River campaign it served part of the time with the 16th corps. Co. M was on detached service at Fort Barrancas, and District of Florida, from Sept., 1863, to March, 1865. The heaviest losses of the regiment were sustained during the Red River campaign — 62 killed, wounded and missing. On its return from that expedition it was stationed at Baton Rouge, La., for several months and after Jan., 1865, formed part of the forces defending New Orleans, sharing during this period in a number of raids and scouting expeditions. In the engagement at Davis creek, near Mobile, Ala., in Dec, 1864, it met with a loss of 10 men, and at McCullom's point, La., in March, 1865, it lost 15. Altogether the 14th lost 2 officers and 18 men killed or mortally wounded; 3 officers and 140 men died of disease, accidents in prison, etc., a total of 163. It took part in about 50 battles and skirmishes, and lost a number of men drowned by the foundering of the steamer North America, Dec. 22, 1864. The portion of the regiment transferred to the 18th cavalry was mustered out on May 31, 1866, at Victoria, Tex.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 2

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