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149th New York
Roster - Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York For the Year
1893, Volume 39 View the Entire Book
|One Hundred and Forty-ninth New York Infantry, Cols., Henry A. Barnum,
Nicholas Grumbach; Lieut.-Cols., John M. Strong, Abel G. Cook, Charles B. Randall, Edward
D. Murray, Jr., Nicholas Grumbach, Henry W. Burhaus; Majs., Abel G. Cook, Charles B.
Randall, Robert E. Hopkins, Nicholas Grumbach, Henry W. Burhaus. This regiment, recruited
in the county of Onondaga, was organized at Syracuse and there mustered into the U. S.
service on Sept. 18, 1862, for a three years' term. Col. Barnum was an experienced
officer, having served with distinction as major of the 12th N. Y. infantry. The regiment
left the state on Sept. 23d, 1862, for Washington, where it was immediately ordered to
join Gen. McClellan's army, and was assigned to the 3d brigade, 2nd (Geary's) division,
12th corps, "in which command it fought at Chancellorsville, losing there 15 killed,
68 wounded and 103 captured or missing. At Gettysburg the regiment participated in the
famous defense of Culp's hill, made by Greene's brigade, in which the 149th, fighting
behind breastworks, lost 6 killed, 46 wounded and 3 missing, but inflicted many times that
loss on its assailants. With the 12th corps, it was transferred to the Army of the
Cumberland and the Onondaga boys fought as bravely in Tennessee as in Virginia or at
Gettysburg. At Lookout mountain, they captured 5 flags while fighting under Hooker in that
memorable affair, their casualties amounting to 10 killed and 64 wounded. Before starting
on the Atlanta campaign the 12th corps was designated the 20th, its command being given to
Gen. Hooker. The regiment started on that campaign with 380 fighting men, of whom 136 were
killed or wounded before reaching Atlanta. Lieut.-Col. Randall, a gallant and skillful
officer, was killed at Peachtree creek, in which action the regiment sustained its
heaviest loss on that campaign, its casualties there aggregating 17 killed, 25 wounded and
10 missing. The regiment, after marching with Sherman to the sea was actively engaged in
the siege of Savannah, and then marched through the Carolinas on the final campaign which
ended in the surrender of Johnston." (Fox. "Regimental Losses in the Civil
War.") A list of the important battles in which the regiment fought would include,
Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wauhatchie, Lookout mountain, Ringgold gap, Resaca, New Hope
Church, Lost mountain, Kennesaw mountain, Peachtree creek, Atlanta, Missionary ridge,
Rocky Face ridge, Averasboro, Bentonville and Bennett's house. After the surrender of
Johnston, the regiment marched to Washington, where it took part in the grand review in
May, and was mustered out on June 12, 1865, near Bladensburgh, Md., under Col. Grumbach.
The 149th had a total enrollment of 1,155, of whom 486 were killed and wounded. Of these 4
officers and 129 men or 11.5 per cent were killed and mortally wounded; 78
died of disease and other causes; total deaths, 211. The following men were awarded medals
of honor by the war department for the capture of battleflags at Lookout mountain: 1st
Sergt. Norman E. Potter, and privates Peter Kappesser and Phillip Goettel.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 2