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146th New York
Roster - Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York For the Year
1893, Volume 38 View the Entire Book
|One Hundred and Forty-sixth New York Infantry. Cols., Kenner Garrard, David
T. Jenkins, James Grindlay; Lieut. -Cols., David T. Jenkins, William S. Corning, Jesse J.
Armstrong, Henry H. Curran, James Grindlay, Peter Claesgens; Majs., David T. Jenkins,
William S. Corning, Henry H. Curran, James Grindlay, Peter Claesgens, Isaac P. Powell. The
146th, known as the 5th Oneida, or Garrard's Tigers, recruited in the county of Oneida,
was organized at Rome, and there mustered into the U. S. service for three years on Oct.
10, 1862. In May and June, 1863, it received by transfer the three years' men of the 5th
(the famous Duryee Zouaves) and the 17th N. Y. infantry, and in 1864, a few additions from
the 2nd, 9th, 16th, 18th, 30th, 34th, 37th and 44th N. Y. The regiment left the state on
Oct. 11, 1862, for Washington and in November, joined the Army of the Potomac at Snicker's
gap, Va., where it was placed in Warren's (3d) brigade, Sykes' (2nd) division, 5th corps,
a division chiefly composed of regulars. It marched with this command to Fredericksburg,
where it fought its first battle, losing 1 mortally wounded and 17 missing or captured. At
Chancellorsville the regiment suffered heavily on the first day of the fight and acquitted
itself with honor, losing 50 killed, wounded and missing, and at Gettysburg it again
fought gallantly, losing 28 killed and wounded. Col. Garrard was made brigadier-general
for gallant conduct at Gettysburg. The regiment participated with little loss in the
subsequent Virginia campaigns, ending with that of Mine Run, being present at Rappahannock
and Bristoe Stations. Col. Fox in his account of this regiment says: "The regiment
encountered its severest fighting at the battle of the Wilderness, May 5, 1864, where it
suffered a terrible loss, not only in killed and wounded, but in captured men. Col.
Jenkins and Maj. Curran were killed in that bloody encounter, while the total loss of the
regiment was 20 killed, 67 wounded and 225 captured or missing. In 1865, the regiment was
in Winthrop's (1st) brigade, Ayres' (2nd) division, and was prominently engaged in that
command at the battles of White Oak road, and Five Forks, Gen. Winthrop being killed in
the latter engagement while leading a successful charge of the brigade. The 146th was well
drilled and at one time wore a conspicuous Zouave uniform. Gen. Joseph Hayes, its last
brigade commander, in taking leave of the regiment wrote: 'associated for a long time with
the infantry of the regular army, the 146th yields the palm to none.' " The regiment
took part in a number of important battles among which were Fredericksburg,
Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Williamsport, Md., Wilderness, Spottsylvania (including the
engagements at Piney Branch Church, Laurel Hill and Gayle's house), North Anna,
Totopotomy, Cold Harbor, siege of Petersburg, Weldon railroad, White Oak ridge and Five
Forks. It was also present at Rappahannock Station, Bristoe Station, White Oak swamp,
Poplar Spring Church, Hatcher's run and Appomattox, the loss in the final Appomattox
campaign, being 65 killed, wounded and missing. Commanded by Col. Grindlay, the regiment
was mustered out near Washington, D. C, July 16, 1865. Its total enrollment during service
was 1,707, of whom 7 officers and 126 men were killed and mortally wounded; 2 officers and
187 men died of disease and other causes, a total of 324, of whom 1 officer and 87 men
died in the hands of the enemy.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 2