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123rd New York
Roster - Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York For the Year
1893, Volume 36 View the Entire Book
|One Hundred and Twenty-third New York Infantry. - Cols., Archibald L. McDougall,
Ambrose Stevens, James C. Rogers; Lieut. -Cols., Franklin Norton, James C. Rogers, Adolph
H. Tanner; Majs., James C. Rogers, A. H. Tanner, Henry Gray. This regiment, recruited in
the county of Washington, rendezvoused at Salem and was there mustered into the U. S.
service on Sept. 4, 1862, for three years. In Dec, 1863 a portion of the 145th N. Y. was
transferred to it. The regiment left the state on Sept. 5, 1862, and was assigned to
Williams' (1st) division, 12th corps, with which it served throughout its term. It fought
its first battle at Chancellorsville, where the 12th corps was heavily engaged, the
regiment losing 148 killed, wounded and missing, Lieut.-Col. Norton being among the
mortally wounded. The 123d was only slightly engaged at Gettysburg, where it lost 14. It
joined in the pursuit of Lee into Virginia, fought without loss at Fair Play and
Williamsport, Md., and at Robertson's ford, Va. On Sept. 23, 1863, it was ordered with its
corps to Tennessee to reinforce Gen. Rosecrans and performed guard and picket duty for
several months along the railroad between Murfreesboro and Bridgeport. When the 12th corps
was changed to the 20th in April, 1864, Williams' division was allowed to retain its
distinctive badge, the red star. It started on the Atlanta campaign with Sherman's army
early in May and was active during the battles of Resaca, Cassville and Dallas, where it
lost 23 killed and wounded, among the mortally wounded being Col. McDougall. Its losses at
Kennesaw mountain aggregated 63 killed, wounded and missing, and at Peachtree creek, 53.
From July 21 to Aug. 26, it was engaged in the siege of Atlanta, and on Nov. 15, it moved
with Sherman's army on the march to the sea, taking part in the final campaign of the
Carolinas the following year. During this campaign it was engaged at Chesterfield,
Averasboro, Bentonville, Aiken, Smithfield, Raleigh and Bennett's house, with a total loss
of 21 killed, wounded and missing. After Gen. Johnston's surrender it marched to
Washington with the army, participated in the grand review, and was finally mustered out,
under command of Col. Rogers, June 8, 1865, when the members of the regiment not entitled
to be mustered out were transferred to the 145th N. Y. The 123d lost during its term of
service 6 officers and 68 enlisted men, killed and fatally wounded; 95 enlisted men died
of disease and other causes; total deaths, 169.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 2
Marching to Save a Nation: The 123rd New York Infantry by Jeffrey H. Jones