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10th New York Cavalry Soldier
Roster - Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of New York For the Year
1893, Volume 3 View the Entire Book
|Tenth New York Cavalry, Cols., John C. Lemmon, William Irvine, Mathew H.
Avery; Lieut. -Cols., William Irvine, M. H. Avery, Frederick L. Tremain, Benjamin F.
Sceva; Majs., M. H. Avery, George W. Kennedy, James M. Reynolds, John H. Kemper, Theodore
H. Weed, Martin H. Blynn, Alva D. Waters, William A. Snyder. This regiment, known also as
the Porter Guard, is enumerated by Col. Fox as one of the three hundred fighting regiments
of the war. It was organized at Elmira during the fall of 1861, from companies recruited
in the counties of Chemung, Chenango, Cortland, Erie, Fulton, Onondaga and Steuben. Cos.
A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H were mustered into the U. S. service from Sept. 27 to Dec. 28,
1861, for three years; I, K and L were mustered in at Elmira on Oct. 29-30, 1862, and M in
Nov. and Dec, 1862. Cos. I, K and L joined the regiment on Dec. 5, 1862, and M in Feb.,
1863, completing the regimental organization. At the expiration of their term of service
in the fall of 1864, the original members of the first eight companies, except veterans
and recruits, were mustered out, and the regiment was retained in service until July 10,
1865, when it was consolidated with the 24th N. Y. cavalry, the consolidated force being
designated as the 1st provisional regiment N. Y. cavalry. The first eight companies left
the state on Dec. 24, 1861, and were stationed at Gettysburg during the remainder of the
winter. In the spring and summer of 1862, it did railroad guard duty and served in the
defenses of Washington, where it was mounted. It saw its first active service in the
Manassas campaign of 1862, and was in Bayard's brigade at Fredericksburg. It participated
in the Stoneman raid at the time of the Chancellorsville campaign, with the 1st brigade,
3d cavalry division. On June 14, 1863, it was assigned to the 3d brigade, 2nd division
(Gen. D. McM. Gregg's), in which it served until the close of the war. Gen. Crook
commanding the division in the final campaign of 1865. Its brigade commanders were Gens.
J. I. Gregg and H. E. Davies, Jr. The regiment encountered its hardest fighting at Brandy
Station in June, 1863, where it lost 6 killed, 18 wounded and 61 missing. At Middleburg
its loss was 30; at Sulphur Springs, Auburn, Bristoe and Catlett's station in October, 53;
at Haw's shop and Hanoverton, 42; at Trevilian Station, 21; at St. Mary's Church, 22; and
at Boydton road, 17. In the final Appomattox campaign its losses aggregated 72 killed,
wounded and missing. Lieut.-Col. Tremain, a brilliant young officer, died of wounds
received at Hatcher's run. The following extract from the muster-out rolls of the regiment
shows the sort of stuff of which the regiment was made: "Lieut. William J. Rabb (Co.
D); killed at Brandy Station, by a saber-thrust through the body while lying under his
horse; he would not surrender." Corp. Andrew Bringle, Corp. James L. Cary, Capt. N.
D. Preston, and Sergt. Llewellyn P. Norton, were awarded medals of honor for gallantry in
action by the secretary of war. The regiment lost while in service 9 ofificers and 97 men
killed or died of wounds; 1 officer and 151 men died of disease, accident, in prison,
etc., a total of 258, out of an enrollment of 2,029 officers and men. Among its important
engagements were Leesburg, Beverly ford, Middleburg, Gettysburg, Shepherdstown, Sulphur
Springs, Auburn, Bristoe Station, Morrisville, Todd's tavern, near Richmond, Haw's shop,
Trevilian Station, King and Queen Court House, St. Mary's Church, Deep Bottom, Lee's mill,
Reams' station, Poplar Spring Church, Boydton road, Prince George Court House, Disputanta
Station, Stony Creek Station, Hatcher's run, Dinwiddie Court House, Sailor's creek and
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 2