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33rd New Jersey Infantry

Regimental History
Thirty-third Infantry. — Col., George W. Mindil; Lieut.-Col., Enos Fourat; Majs., David A. Peloubet, Thomas O'Connor. This regiment was raised in the summer of 1863, under an authorization issued to Col. Mindil, formerly of the 27th, being the first veteran regiment raised in conformity to the conditions of the new system, permitting the recruiting of "veteran volunteers." A call for extra troops being made about the same time, Col. Mindil was directed to recruit mainly in the northern part of the state and when completed the regiment represented almost exclusively the counties of Essex, Morris, Passaic and Hudson, fully three-fourths of the men being credited to the quota of Newark. Liberal bounties being offered at this time, the work of recruiting made rapid progress, the regiment being mustered into the service of the United States on Sept. 3, only 55 days after the rendezvous at Newark was opened. The command was in all respects a superior one, seven-eighths of the officers and three-fourths of the men having already seen service in the field. Lieut.-Col. Fourat had participated in all the battles of the 1st N. J. brigade; the adjutant had served acceptably with the 27th; while the entire field and staff, and most of the officers of the line, had previously held commands equal in importance and responsibility to those now filled. The regiment was uniformed in the Zouave dress and armed with the best Springfield rifles. On Sept. 8, under orders from the war department, the 33d broke camp and the next morning embarked on transports lying in the Passaic for Washington, crossing on the 13th into Virginia and two days afterward marching for Warrenton, having in charge a train of 30 wagons loaded with supplies and ammunition. Being transferred to the Army of the Cumberland it fought its first battle at Chattanooga, Tenn., in Nov., 1863, at which time the aggregate loss of the regiment, considering the work accomplished, was not large, amounting to 1 officer killed and 2 wounded, and 1 private killed and 12 wounded. The regiment also took a prominent part in the following two days' heavy fighting of the ever-memorable battle of Chattanooga, where the men with but little experience acquitted themselves with the bravery and tenacity of their older, veteran comrades. Entering upon Sherman's Atlanta campaign it performed valiant service at Mill Creek gap, losing 2 officers and 4 enlisted men killed, and 2 officers and 23 men wounded, several of the wounded subsequently dying. At Resaca the loss of the regiment was 3 men killed, 1 officer and 24 enlisted men wounded. In the eight days' fighting about New Hope Church the 33d lost 1 officer and 5 men killed and 27 men wounded, it lost in the battle of Pine Knob 1 officer and 13 men killed, and 1 officer and 43 men wounded, the total casualties of the regiment during the campaign thus far being 8 officers and 139 enlisted men. After this engagement the regiment participated in the skirmishes of Nancy's creek and Muddy creek, and in protecting the flank of the assaulting columns of the 4th corps at Kennesaw mountain. At the battle of Peachtree creek the loss of the regiment was over 70 in killed and wounded, Lieuts. Downes, Aspen and Warren being taken prisoners by the foe, Aspen being badly wounded. Heavy works were now constructed and the regiment was under constant fire for over a month, performing the heavy duty of the trenches and the dangerous one of picket. It left Chattanooga with over 500 muskets, and entered Atlanta with a few over 100, having lost 300 in killed or wounded. The small remnant marched to the sea with Sherman, participating in the siege of Savannah, and then after a month's rest continued the march up through the Carolinas. At Averasboro, N. C, a few divisions of the Confederate army engaged the 1st and 3d divisions of the 20th corps, but after a brilliant fight were compelled to retire, when the army was advanced cautiously on near and parallel roads and the trains heavily guarded. The regiment participated in the battle of Bentonville and Johnston's surrender followed in due time, after which the homeward march commenced by way of Weldon, Five Forks, Richmond and Fredericksburg, the regiment reaching Washington in time to participate in the grand review of the armies of the Republic. It was retained in service until Aug. 2, lying near Alexandria, and was then mustered out and proceeded to Newark. The total strength of the regiment was 2,184, and it lost, by resignation 12, by discharge 59, by promotion 41, by transfer 223, by death 147, by desertion 582, dismissed 2, unaccounted for 79, mustered out 1,039.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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