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|Twenty-fifth Infantry. Col., Andrew Derrom; Lieut.-Col., Enoch J.
Ayres; Maj., John K. Brown. Among the 9-months regiments sent to the field from New
Jersey, few performed more signal service or made a finer record than the 25th. The
regiment, composed about equally of citizens of the northern and southern sections of the
state, was fortunate in securing as its commander a man of thorough soldierly
qualifications, combined with great energy and force of character, whose heart was in the
work in which he was engaged, and who, enjoying the entire confidence of his command, was
able to make it, in the highest degree, useful and efficient. Moreover, the men composing
the regiment were of the best class, whether as to intelligence or personal physique, and
adapted themselves readily and cheerfully to all the requirements of the service. The
regiment left its camp at Beverly on Oct. 10, 1862, and arrived at Washington on the
following day. Going into camp at Capitol hill, it was assigned to the 2nd brigade of
Casey's division, consisting of the 27th N. J., 12th and 13th Vt. and 12th Mass. battery.
Col. Derrom being placed in temporary command of the brigade. Acquia creek was reached on
Dec. 8, the regiment crossing the Potomac in transports from Liverpool Point, and on the
following day proceeding directly to Falmouth, where it was assigned to the 1st brigade,
3d division, 9th army corps. It took a conspicuous part in the battle of Fredericksburg
and met with a loss in the conflict of 9 killed, 58 wounded and 18 missing. It also
participated in an engagement near Suffolk in May, 1863, in which the behavior of the men
was most admirable, the loss of the regiment being 2 killed and 9 wounded. That was the
last fight in which the 25th was engaged. On June 4 it was ordered to proceed to
Portsmouth and take transportation for New Jersey, and four days later reached Camp
Cadwallader at Beverly, where on June 20 it was mustered out of the service. The total
strength of the regiment was 1,019, andd it lost during its term of service, by
resignation 11, by discharge 92, by promotion 13, by transfer 3, by death 57, by desertion
18, by dismissal 1, not accounted for 5, mustered out, 819.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 3