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Hampshire Cavalry Battalion
|First Cavalry Battalion. Lieut. -Col., John L. Thompson; Majs.,
David B. Nelson, John L. Thompson, Stephen R. Swett. Cos. I, K, L and M of the 1st New
England volunteer cavalry, were from New Hampshire and were mustered into the U. S.
service on Dec. 17, Oct. 24, Dec. 24 and 27, 1861, respectively, for three years' service.
Cos. I, L and M were mustered in at Concord and Co. K at Manchester. These companies left
the N. E. cavalry to become part of the 1st N. H. cavalry on Jan. 7, 1864. The battalion
numbered 435 and lost by death 33 members, of whom 15 were killed in battle. The N. H.
battalion joined the two R. I. battalions at Pawtucket, R. I., Jan. 22, 1862, and left
there for Washington on March 2 and 31, the name of the regiment being changed to the 1st
R. I. cavalry, which was considered an injustice by the men. The N. H. battalion was
engaged alone at Front Royal, Va., and received complimentary mention in orders. It was in
the battles of Cedar mountain, Groveton, second Bull Run, Chantilly, Mountsville and
Fredericksburg. The winter of 1862-63 found the battalion on active duty with almost no
rest, and it participated in the cavalry fight at Kelly's ford, March 17, 1863. Stoneman's
raid, from April 27 to May 8, required the services of the cavalry and the battles at
Brandy Station, Thoroughfare gap, Middleburg, Rapidan Station, White Sulphur springs and
Bristoe Station all show how nobly the cavalry performed every duty assigned to it,
winning well-earned laurels.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 1