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10th Minnesota Infantry
in the Civil War

Regimental History
Tenth Infantry. — Col., James H. Baker; Lieut. -Col., Samuel P. Jennison; Majs., Michael Cook, Edwin C. Sanders. This regiment was organized in the summer of 1862 and mustered in by companies at different dates. A squad of Co. I, 18 men, under Lieut. Merrill, voluntarily assisted in the defense of New Ulm. Another squad of 45 on the way to Fort Snelling, faced about and marched to Fort Ridgely under Lieut. Gorman, taking part in the defense of that fort and in the battle of Wood Lake. Part of Co. G under Capt. Sanders also assisted in the defense of New Ulm. Co. C was mounted, sent to Yellow Medicine agency and employed as guard over prisoners, taking all the Indians to the lower agency, after which it was sent to Fort Ridgely for the winter. Co. F was also mounted, employed in scouting and burial of the dead, and was sent to the Winnebago agency for the winter. Cos. B and F were assigned to the Winnebago reservation. Headquarters were established at Le Sueur, with Co. G and part of Co. I in garrison. Co. A was located at Garden City, D and E at Henderson, H at Seven lakes and Vernon Center, K at Norwegian lake, and I was not yet mustered in. Cos. A, B, F, G and H were at the Mankato execution on Dec. 26. In June, 1863, the regiment moved to Camp Pope and left there with the expedition to the Missouri river. Cos. A, F, C and K were in the engagement at Big Mound; the regiment bore the brunt of the attack at Dead Buffalo lake, when fully 4,000 Indians assaulted the troops, flanking the regiment on both sides before the other regiments were in position. On the return of the expedition it was ordered to Fort Snelling and furloughed. It left the state Oct. 7, for St. Louis, where it did provost and garrison duty. Col. Baker was appointed commanding officer of the post at St. Louis and finally appointed provost marshal-general, Department of the Missouri, which he held until the war closed. On April 22, 1864, the regiment was ordered to Columbus, Ky., Cos. E and D being detached for duty at Island No. 10. In June the regiment was ordered to Memphis and assigned to the 1st brigade, 1st division, 16th army corps. It participated in several expeditions and at the battle of Tupelo was in reserve. It joined in the pursuit of Forrest, was in the raid after Price, went into camp at Nashville Nov. 30, was in the battle at that place in December, when it participated in the charge upon the principal point, and forced the enemy out at the point of the bayonet. The regiment lost nearly 70 men in two days. Of the charge Gen. Thomas said, it was the handsomest feat of arms he ever saw. The regiment went into winter quarters at Eastport, and was later sent to take part in the siege of Mobile. After the fall of that city it was sent to Montgomery, Ala., and in May was ordered to Meridian, Miss. It was mustered out at Fort Snelling, Aug. 18, 1865. 

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 4

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