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27th Michigan Infantry
in the American Civil War
|Twenty-seventh Michigan Infantry. — Cols., Dorus M.
Fox, Byron M. Cutcheon, Charles Waite; Lieut. -Cols., John F.
Richardson, William B. Wright, Edward S. Leadbeater; Majs., William B.
Wright, Samuel Moody, Daniel G. Cash. This regiment was organized at
Ypsilanti and was mustered in, April 10, 1863, with eight companies. It
left the state April 12, and was ordered to Kentucky, being stationed at
various points, and was in a skirmish at Jamestown June 2. It was
assigned to the 3d brigade, 1st division, 9th corps, was ordered to
Vicksburg and was in the siege from June 22 to July 4. It was in action
at Jackson, July 11, and was in camp at Milldale from July to November,
when it was attached to the 2nd brigade of the same division and
encamped at Lenoir's station, Tenn. It participated in the engagements
at Loudon, Lenoir's station, Campbell's station, the defense of
Knoxville, and aided in repelling the assault upon Fort Sanders on Nov.
29. It joined in the pursuit of Longstreet on his withdrawal, following
him to Rutledge, and then encamping at Blain's cross-roads until Jan.
16, 1864. It was engaged at Strawberry plains and in a battle near
Knoxville in January. It was joined in March by the new companies I and
K, and a goodly number of recruits. On March 17 it commenced its march
to Nicholasville, Ky., where it moved by train to Annapolis, and was
joined there by two companies of sharpshooters. On April 29 the regiment
joined the Army of the Potomac at Warrenton and was assigned to the 1st
brigade, 3d division, same corps. It participated in the battle of the
Wilderness, losing 89 in killed and wounded, at the Ny river, and in the
heavy engagement at Spottsylvania, losing 27 killed, 148 wounded and 12
missing. It was engaged at Ox ford on the North Anna, Bethesda Church
and Cold Harbor, and was in the charges at Petersburg June 17-18. The
losses of the regiment during June were 21 killed, 149 wounded and 23
missing. It was in the advanced line of works the greater part of July,
leading its brigade on the 30th when the mine was sprung and reaching
the crater under a murderous fire. July's loss was 24 killed, 92 wounded
and 27 missing. The regiment was engaged at the Weldon railroad, Reams'
station, Poplar Spring Church, Pegram's farm, the Boydton road,
Hatcher's run, remained before Petersburg during the winter, and was
engaged at Fort Stedman, in March, 1865. At Fort Mahon, April 2, after
the rifle-pits were taken the 27th, with only 123 men, crying "Fort or
nothing!" left its brigade, gained the walls under terrible fire,
planted its colors on the east wing, capturing 3 pieces of artillery and
164 prisoners, and holding its position during the day against repeated
assaults. The regiment entered Petersburg on the 3d and was engaged in
picket duty until ordered to Washington. It participated in the grand
review and was mustered out at Tenallytown July 26, 1865. Its original
strength was 865; gain by new companies and recruits, 1,164; total,
2,039. Loss by death, 417.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 3
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