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25th Michigan Infantry
in the American Civil War

Regimental History
Twenty-fifth Michigan Infantry. Col., Orlando H. Moore; Lieut. -Col., Benjamin F. Orcutt; Maj., Dewitt C. Fitch. This regiment was organized at Kalamazoo and was mustered in Sept. 22, 1862. It left the state Sept. 29 and reported at Louisville, being stationed there until Dec. 8, when it was ordered to Munfordville and participated in a skirmish on the 26th. It then moved to Bowling Green and was on provost, picket and train guard duty until March 26, 1863, when it was ordered to Lebanon and joined the pursuit of the enemy under Pegram. It was then placed on provost and guard duty at Louisville, Cos. D, E, F, I and K being detached and sent under command of Col. Moore to Green River bridge, near Columbia. Hearing of the approach of Morgan with a cavalry force of over 3,000, Moore stationed his little force of 300 in a horse-shoe bend of the river, flanked by high bluffs, felled trees on the battle line and threw up earth works, the latter being manned by 75 men, to check the advance. When the enemy appeared he was checked, his battery of 4 pieces silenced by sharpshooters, eight field charges repelled, an attempted flank movement defeated, and the force finally driven back with a loss in killed and wounded greater in numbers than that of the little force opposing, 22 commissioned officers being of the number. This brought forth strong commendation and praise from all sources, and Morgan himself complimented Moore, "promoting him to brigadier-general." The Louisville Courier-Journal retracted some harsh things it had said about him as provost-marshal, eulogized his bravery and that of his men, and the state legislature passed complimentary resolutions. Morgan had intended dashing into Louisville and taking the city, but this action upset his plans. The companies at Louisville joined the others at Lebanon in August, and with the 1st brigade, 1st division, 23d corps, participated in the movements of September and October in East Tennessee. It encamped at Loudon late in October, moved to Kingston Nov. 9, was engaged in its defense, fought at Mossy creek, was then in camp until Jan. 18, 1864, when it moved to Knoxville. It advanced to Morristown in February, but returned to Mossy creek on March 18. On April 25 it started on the Atlanta campaign, was engaged at Rocky Face ridge, at Resaca, where it participated in a charge across an open field and through a creek, losing 50 men in a few minutes, then at Cassville, the Etowah river, Kingston, Allatoona, Pine mountain, Lost mountain, Kolb's farm, Kennesaw mountain, Nickajack creek, the Chattahoochee river and Decatur, and reached Atlanta on July 22. It charged the works at East Point and was engaged at Utoy creek. After Atlanta's fall it occupied Decatur, having been under fire 58 days and nights during the campaign. It left Decatur Oct. 4, in pursuit of Hood through Alabama and Georgia; was engaged at Rome and Cedar bluffs; then moved into Tennessee; was engaged at Pine creek, Franklin and Nashville; was then ordered to North Carolina, where it participated in the movements of Schofield's army until Johnston's surrender, when it was ordered to Salisbury and was mustered out June 24, 1865. Its original strength was 896: gain by recruits, 92; total 988. Loss by death, 166.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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