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22nd Michigan Infantry
in the American Civil War
|Twenty -second Michigan Infantry. — Cols., Moses
Wisner, Heber Le Favour; Lieut. -Cols., Heber Le Favour, William
Sanborn, Henry S. Dean; Majs., William Sanborn, Henry S. Dean, John
Atkinson, Alonzo M. Keeler. This regiment was organized at Pontiac and
was mustered in Aug. 29, 1862. It left the state Sept. 4, being ordered
to Lexington, Ky., and was stationed at that point, Danville and
Nicholasville until April, 1863. Col. Wisner died at Lexington of
typhoid fever, Lieut. -Col. Le Favour was commissioned colonel, Maj.
Sanborn, lieutenant-colonel and Capt. H. S. Dean, major. The regiment
was attacked at Danville in March and fell back to Hickman bridge. It
was stationed at Nashville from April 14 to Sept. 5, then moved to
Bridgeport, Ala., thence to Ringgold, Ga. It participated at
Chickamauga, where, after fighting for 3 hours, exhausting its
ammunition, it charged into overwhelming numbers with the bayonet,
driving the enemy back until overcome by too great a force, when most of
the number were taken prisoners. Gen. Whittaker says he "never heard
such heavy musketry and never saw such magnificent charges." Out of 584
officers and men who went into action, 36 were killed, 91 wounded and
262 captured, among the latter being Col. Le Favour. The remnant of the
22nd was ordered to the rear and proceeded to Moccasin point, where it
was employed until Oct. 28, under constant fire from Lookout mountain,
in building fortifications. It was attached to the 3d brigade, 2nd
division, 14th corps. Its strength on Sept. 29 was 149 enlisted men, 9
lieutenants and 2 captains. At Chickamauga, Johnny Clem, the regiment's
10-year-old drummer, was acting as a marker, but finding his occupation
gone, picked up a gun and commenced blazing away on his own hook. Left
alone, a Confederate colonel found him and ordered him to surrender.
Johnny swung his gun into range and the colonel tumbled from his horse.
Johnny was captured later, but made his escape and trudged to
Chattanooga by night. He afterwards received a military education and
became an army officer. The regiment was attached to the engineer
brigade in November and remained near Chattanooga until May 26, 1864,
engaged in building bridges, roads and storehouses, cutting timber and
getting out lumber. On May 31 it joined the Army of the Cumberland, when
it and the 9th Mich, were organized into a "Reserve" brigade. It
participated in the movement toward Atlanta, and was on provost duty in
that city from Sept. 8 to Oct. 31. It moved to Marietta, thence to
Chattanooga, where it remained until April, 1865, as a part of the
"Reserve" brigade, and was engaged in provost and steamer guard duty. On
April 1 it was transferred to Steedman's command, and on the 7th was
attached to the 3d brigade, separate division, Army of the Cumberland.
It was ordered to Nashville on June 20 and was mustered out June 26. Its
original strength was 997 : gain by recruits, 589; total, 1,586. Loss by
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 3
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