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18th Michigan Infantry
in the American Civil War

Regimental History
Eighteenth Michigan Infantry. Cols., Charles E. Doolittle, John W. Horner; Lieut. -Cols., George L. Spaulding, Edwin M. Hubbard. Majs., John W. Horner, James D. Hinckley. This regiment was organized at Hillsdale, and was mustered in Aug. 26, 1862. It left the state Sept. 4, reported at Cincinnati, and was stationed at Lexington, Ky., from Nov. 1, 1862, until Feb. 21, 1863. It then moved to Danville and was with the forces that retreated from Danville on the 24th, skirmishing with those of Pegram as they left. On the 28th the regiment joined in pursuit of Pegram, making a long, rough march to Buck creek. It returned to Stanford, then moved to Lebanon, and thence to Nashville, where it was employed as provost guard from Nov. 1, 1863 to June 11, 1864. Ordered south, it reached Decatur, Ala., in June and was placed on garrison and scouting duty. It was a part of the force which surprised Patterson's brigade of cavalry at Pond springs, capturing their camp equipage, wagons and commissary stores, and in July it assisted in routing the same brigade at Courtland, being the only infantry engaged at either time. It left Decatur in September to reinforce the garrison at Athens, reaching there just in time to repel Roddey's command. It joined in pursuit of Wheeler, overtaking and skirmishing with his rear-guard at Shoal creek, and then returned to Decatur. A detachment of 231, en route to reinforce the garrison at Athens, was attacked by a force under Forrest, numbering about 4,000, when within 2 miles of Athens, and after 5 hours' desperate fighting was compelled to surrender. The regiment participated in the successful defense of Decatur against Hood's army, a detachment dislodging a body of sharpshooters in rifle-pits near one of the forts and capturing 115 prisoners. The regiment remained at Decatur until Nov. 25, and then moved to Stevenson, where it was engaged in building fortifications until Dec. 19. It was ordered back to Decatur where it was on garrison duty until Jan. 11, 1865, when it proceeded to Huntsville for post duty. It was ordered to Nashville in June and was mustered out June 26, 1865. Its original strength was 1,002: gain by recruits, 372; total, 1,374. Loss by death, 310.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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