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17th Michigan Infantry
in the American Civil War

Regimental History
Seventeenth Michigan Infantry. Cols., William H. Withington, Constant Luce. Lieut.-Cols., Constant Luce, Lorin L. Comstock, Frederick W. Swift; Majs., George C. Lyons, Thomas Mathews. This regiment was organized at Detroit, and became known as the "Stonewall Regiment" later. It was mustered in Aug. 21, 1862, and left the state on the 27th for Washington, where it was assigned to the 1st brigade, 1st division, 9th corps, for the Maryland campaign. It was first engaged at South mountain,, where it won high honors, charging over a stone wall and scattering a strong force in its front from which it received its sobriquet, capturing 300 prisoners and driving the enemy down the slope of the mountain. Gen. Willcox characterized it as "a feat that may vie with any recorded in the annals of war." Its loss was 27 killed and 114 wounded. In the battle at Antietam it lost 18 killed and 87 wounded. It then moved to a position near Falmouth and was present, but not engaged, at Fredericksburg. It moved to Newport News in Feb., 1865, on March 19 to Baltimore, thence to Bardstown, Ky., on April 3 to Lebanon, and on the 29th to Columbia. In June it reinforced Grant at Vicksburg, being engaged there until July 4. It was then in the siege of Jackson, returned to Kentucky in August, and joined the movements of the Army of the Ohio in East Tennessee. It was engaged at Blue Springs, Loudon, Lenoir's station and Campbell's station, and as part of the 3d brigade, 1st division, 9th army corps, assisted in the defense of Knoxville, being stationed in Fort Sanders. After the siege it encamped at Blain's cross-roads until it joined the Army of the Potomac near Warrenton Junction, Va., in March. It was in the battles of the Wilderness, Ny river and Spottsylvania, where it occupied the crest of a hill for which the enemy was making, just as the latter came up the other slope, repulsing them handsomely. Its succeeding movements were of the most gallant nature, being in the terrific assault at the "bloody angle," where it lost 23 killed, 73 wounded and 93 prisoners, out of 225 engaged. On May 16 it was detailed as engineer troops and through the rest of the campaign fought at the North Anna, Bethesda Church, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, the Crater, the Weldon rail- road, Reams' station, Poplar Spring Church, Pegram's farm, the Boydton road and Hatcher's run. It remained near the Appomattox river during the winter and in the attack of the enemy on Fort Stedman in March, 1865, the regiment as skirmishers repelled those of the enemy, capturing 65 prisoners. It was engaged at Petersburg until the surrender on April 3, and was on guard and provost duty until the 24th. It was then ordered to Washington, participated in the grand review, and was mustered out at Tenallytown on June 3, 1865. Its original strength was 982: gain by recruits, 97; total, 1,079. Loss by death, 283.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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