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14th Michigan Infantry
in the American Civil War
|Fourteenth Michigan Infantry. — Cols., Robert P.
Lindair, Henry R. Mizner; Lieut. -Cols., Robert W. Davis, George W.
Grummond ; Majs., M. W. Quackenbush, Thomas C. Fitz Gibbon, Caspar
Ernst. This regiment was organized at Ypsilanti and was mustered in Feb.
13, 1862. It left the state April 17, and joined the army at Pittsburg
landing. It participated in the siege of Corinth during May and was
engaged at Farmington. After the siege of Corinth it moved with Buell's
army, being finally stationed at Tuscumbia, Ala. On Sept. 1, it joined
in the march for Louisville, but was detached at Nashville and
participated in the engagement at La Vergne, routing the 32d Ala.,
taking a fort and 100 prisoners. A few days later it was in the fight at
Nashville, was also in a severe engagement at Brentwood and was
stationed at Stone's river in November and part of December. It
participated in the battle there after a 30-mile march through mud and
rain the previous night, and was then engaged in rail- road guard and
picket duty at Nashville, Franklin and Brentwood during the winter and
spring. Late in the summer the command was mounted and in August Co. C
assisted in the capture of a notorious guerrilla band commanded by Dick
McCann, at Weems' Springs. In the affair at Lawrenceburg in November 120
men defeated 400 cavalry. Guerrillas were captured and scattered and
many inhabitants induced to take the oath of allegiance while the
regiment was stationed at Franklin and Columbia during the fall. It
became a veteran regiment Jan. 14, 1864, when 414 reenlisted. The
veterans of companies C, F, G, I and K were furloughed in February and
the others in March. The reenlistments had been made with the
understanding that the regiment would be continued as mounted infantry.
This was disregarded and great dissatisfaction was felt, but the
regiment was loyal and continued to perform its duties. It joined
Sherman's army in the advance through Georgia; was engaged at Kennesaw
mountain ; charged the rifle pits at the Chattahoochee river, capturing
many prisoners ; was active during the siege of Atlanta ; carried a line
of works at Jonesboro, capturing 4 pieces of artillery, 4 caissons, a
general and his staff, the colors of the 1st Ark., and 300 men. It was
engaged at Florence, Ala., in September; marched with Sherman to
Savannah ; and in the Carolina campaign was engaged at Fayetteville,
where it drove the enemy 2 miles, capturing his camp and a large
quantity of forage, at Averasboro and at Bentonville, where it charged
the works, captured 270 prisoners, the colors of the 40th N. C, and 600
stands of arms. A later charge carried the works, 135 prisoners and the
colors of the 54th Va. being taken. The next morning the regiment was in
a desperate encounter for nearly an hour and in a continual skirmish all
day. It encamped at Goldsboro from March 23 to April 10, and at the Cape
Fear river until the surrender of Johnston's army. It participated in
the grand review at Washington, was sent to Louisville in June, and was
mustered out on July 18. Its original strength was 925 : gain by
recruits, 881 ; total, 1,806. Loss by death, 247.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 3
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