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in the Civil War
|Twenty-seventh Infantry. Cols., Rufus P. Tapley, Mark F.
Wentworth; Lieut.-Cols., Mark F. Wentworth, James M. Stone; Majs., James M. Stone, John D.
Hill. Most of the members of this regiment came from York county and were rendezvoused at
Portland, where the regiment was mustered into service Sept. 30, 1862, to serve for nine
months. They left on Oct. 20 for Washington, arriving there on the 22nd. On the 26th it
marched to Arlington Heights, where it remained doing picket duty until Dec. 12th, when it
was ordered to the south of Hunting creek. Here it relieved a Vermont brigade in the duty
of guarding a picket line 8 miles long, extending from the Potomac near Mount Vernon to
the Orange & Alexandria railroad, and remained here in the performance of that duty
throughout a severe winter until March 24, 1863. It then moved to Chantilly, Va., doing
picket duty on the outermost line of infantry in the defenses of Washington. On June 25 it
returned to Arlington Heights. The term of service of the regiment had already expired,
but 315 of the officers and men volunteered to remain and if necessary assist in the
defense of the capital against the forces of Gen. Lee, who had then commenced his great
invasion of Pennsylvania. On July 4, after the result of the battle of Gettysburg was
announced, the regiment left for Maine and arrived at Portland on the 6th, where the men
were mustered out on the 17th. The 27th left the state with 949 men, and lost 82 men by
death, discharge and resignation.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 1