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in the Civil War
|Ninth Infantry. Cols., Thomas Cass, Patrick R. Guiney; Lieut.-
Cols., Cromwell G. Rowell, Robert Peard, Patrick R. Guiney, Patrick T. Hanley; Majs.,
Robert Peard, Patrick R. Guiney, Patrick T. Hanley, George W. Dutton, John W. Mahan. The
9th was made up of Irishmen and was mustered in for three years at Boston, June 11, 1861.
It was mustered out on Boston Common, June 21, 1864, the recruits and reenlisted men being
then transferred to the 32nd Mass. infantry. Before it left Boston, the regiment was
presented by the Irish citizens of the city with a national flag and also a beautiful
Irish banner. It left Boston on June 25 for Washington, in which vicinity it remained till
the following March, when it was assigned to the Army of the Potomac for the Peninsular
campaign. At the battle of Hanover Court House the 9th made a gallant assault and it lost
heavily at Gaines' mill, where their brave leader, Col. Cass, was mortally wounded. It
also suffered severely at Malvern hill. The regiment was in reserve at Antietam, the
second Bull Run and Fredericksburg, and was engaged in skirmishing at Chancellorsville and
Gettysburg. It joined in the pursuit of Lee to Williamsport and in the different movements
of the Army of the Potomac, including the battles at Rappahannock Station and the Mine Run
campaign, after which it went into winter quarters at Bealeton, Va., until April 30, 1864,
when it broke camp and May 4 found it at the Wilderness tavern. The following day it made
a brave advance, fighting fiercely, and its record is a proud one in the engagements
ensuing at Laurel hill, North Anna river, Bethesda Church and Cold Harbor. Massachusetts
may well be proud of her Irish volunteers.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 1