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in the Civil War
|Seventh Infantry. Cols., Darius N. Couch, Nelson H. Davis, Joseph
H. Wheelock, David A. Russell, Thomas D. Johns; Lieut.-Cols., Chester W. Greene, Charles
Raymond, Franklin P. Harlow; Majs., David E. Holman, Franklin P. Harlow, Joseph B.
Leonard. The 7th, composed mainly of Bristol county men, was mustered in for three years
at Taunton, June 15, 1861, and was mustered out on June 27, 1864, when the recruits and
reenlisted men were assigned to the 37th Mass. infantry. The regiment left for Washington
July 11, 1861, and went into camp at Georgetown, where it remained till Aug. 6. It next
occupied Camp Brightwood until the following spring, when it was assigned to the Army of
the Potomac and left Brightwood in March. It was engaged in the battles of Williamsburg,
Fair Oaks and Glendale, and on Aug. 16, 1862, started for Yorktown. From there it moved
into Maryland, but returned to Virginia in time to participate in the battle of
Fredericksburg. It wintered near Falmouth, Va., and left there for Chancellorsville, April
28, 1863. In that campaign it made a brilliant assault at Marye's heights and joined in
the battle at Salem Church. Its next battle was Gettysburg and it participated in the
marches of the Army of the Potomac all summer and the Mine Run expedition in the early
winter. From Dec. 2, 1863, to Feb. 27, 1864, the regiment was encamped at Brandy Station.
On the latter date it left camp to support a cavalry movement, which march proved a very
difficult one, owing to a severe storm. It returned in a few days to camp and there
remained till May 3, when it started south and was soon in the thick of battle at the
Wilderness. The 7th's final engagement was at Cold Harbor, the term of service expiring
soon after. Its greeting on its return home showed the high value placed on its services
to the Union.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 1