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7th Massachusetts Infantry
in the Civil War

Regimental History
Seventh Infantry. — Cols., Darius N. Couch, Nelson H. Davis, Joseph H. Wheelock, David A. Russell, Thomas D. Johns; Lieut.-Cols., Chester W. Greene, Charles Raymond, Franklin P. Harlow; Majs., David E. Holman, Franklin P. Harlow, Joseph B. Leonard. The 7th, composed mainly of Bristol county men, was mustered in for three years at Taunton, June 15, 1861, and was mustered out on June 27, 1864, when the recruits and reenlisted men were assigned to the 37th Mass. infantry. The regiment left for Washington July 11, 1861, and went into camp at Georgetown, where it remained till Aug. 6. It next occupied Camp Brightwood until the following spring, when it was assigned to the Army of the Potomac and left Brightwood in March. It was engaged in the battles of Williamsburg, Fair Oaks and Glendale, and on Aug. 16, 1862, started for Yorktown. From there it moved into Maryland, but returned to Virginia in time to participate in the battle of Fredericksburg. It wintered near Falmouth, Va., and left there for Chancellorsville, April 28, 1863. In that campaign it made a brilliant assault at Marye's heights and joined in the battle at Salem Church. Its next battle was Gettysburg and it participated in the marches of the Army of the Potomac all summer and the Mine Run expedition in the early winter. From Dec. 2, 1863, to Feb. 27, 1864, the regiment was encamped at Brandy Station. On the latter date it left camp to support a cavalry movement, which march proved a very difficult one, owing to a severe storm. It returned in a few days to camp and there remained till May 3, when it started south and was soon in the thick of battle at the Wilderness. The 7th's final engagement was at Cold Harbor, the term of service expiring soon after. Its greeting on its return home showed the high value placed on its services to the Union.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 1

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