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61st Massachusetts Infantry
in the Civil War

Regimental History
Sixty-first Infantry.— Col., Charles F. Walcott; Lieut.-Col., Ebenezer W. Stone; Maj., James G. C. Dodge. The 61st Mass., the last regiment to leave the state, was recruited as a one-year regiment during the fall and winter of 1864-65. It was recruited at large and rendezvoused at Galloupe's island in Boston harbor. The men of Co. A were from Pittsfield and its vicinity, and those of Co. D came from Adams county. Cos. A, B, C, D and E were slowly filled and mustered into service between the latter part of August and the end of September, and left the state as a battalion on Oct. 7, 1864, the remaining companies being forwarded as soon as they reached the maximum number. The battalion, commanded by Lieut.-Col. Walcott, arrived at West Point, Va., Oct 12, and was immediately attached to the engineer brigade under Gen. Benham. In addition to their work as engineers, the men performed a great deal of routine camp and picket duty throughout the ensuing winter, and were employed at the front at Petersburg for two days in December, near Fort Sedgwick. The battalion was increased during the month by the arrival of Co. F; Co. G reported on Jan. 5, 1865; Co. H, on Feb. 15; and Cos. I and K, on March 15. On Feb. 5 the battalion moved again to the front, and was engaged for a week in the movement which extended the lines beyond Hatcher's run. The regiment was transferred on March 17 to an independent brigade, under Col. C. H. T. Collis, engaged in provost and guard duty at general headquarters. From March 29 until the surrender of Lee it was constantly under arms. It served with distinction on April 2, when it charged and captured Fort Mahone in front of Fort Sedgwick. So rapid and fierce was the charge that their loss was comparatively small, considering the deadly fire through which they had advanced. The loss was 6 killed and 29 wounded. Second Lieut. Thomas B. Hart was among the slain. The regiment engaged in the pursuit of the Confederate army and on April 12 returned to City Point with its brigade in charge of several thousand prisoners from Ewell's corps, captured at Sailor's creek. It then moved to Burkesville and was assigned to the 5th corps, April 23. Moving to Washington by way of Richmond on May 12, it encamped near Fort Barnard, and on the 23d participated in the grand review. Cos. A, B, C, D and E left for Massachusetts on June 5, and arrived on the 8th at Readville, where they were finally discharged on the 17th. The remaining companies, as the 61st battalion, served in the defenses of Washington as part of the provisional corps until July 22, when they returned to Readville and were there mustered out, Aug. 1, 1865. The total enrollment of the regiment was 41 officers and 977 enlisted men. It lost 6 killed (including 1 officer), and 17 by accident or disease. For its gallant services preceding the fall of Richmond, it had been honored with nine brevet promotions.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 1

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