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Massachusetts Light Artillery
in the Civil War
|Fifth Battery, Light Artillery. Capts., Max Eppendorff, George D.
Allen, Charles A. Phillips. The total strength of the battalion was 14 officers and 324
enlisted men. Its casualties during service were 1 officer, and 15 men killed or died of
wounds and 11 men died by accident or disease. It was mustered into the U. S. service at
various times during the months of Sept., Oct. and Nov., 1861, the muster being completed
on Dec. 10. It left Readville Dec. 25 for Washington, and remained there until Feb. 13,
1862, when it moved to Hall's hill, Va., where it encamped until the middle of March,
attached to Gen. Fitz John Porter's division. It participated in the Peninsular campaign,
was engaged April 4 at Howard's mill and remained near there until the evacuation of
Yorktown. The battles of Gaines' mill and Malvern hill followed, after which, owing to its
heavy losses, the men were temporarily assigned to the 4th R. I., and the 3d Mass.
batteries. In October the 5th battery, reorganized, was attached to the 1st division, 5th
corps, at Sharpsburg, Md. It participated in the battle of Fredericksburg and the
"Mud March" of Jan., 1863, and went into winter quarters near Stoneman's switch,
where it remained until the opening of the Chancellorsville campaign, in which it was
active, as it was also at Gettysburg. It shared in the strategic movements of the Army of
the Potomac during the summer; was in action at Rappahannock Station ; moved with the army
in the Mine Run campaign, and spent the winter of 1863-64 at Rappahannock Station. It was
active at the battle of the Wilderness, but was not again engaged until May 12, at
Spottsylvania. At Bethesda Church, it was attached to Griffin's division and took part in
the battle. At Petersburg, it was engaged on June 18; was present at the battle of the
Crater, and with the 5th corps was engaged at the Weldon railroad, Aug. 21. It continued
in service as a veteran organization going into winter quarters near the Jerusalem plank
road. It participated in the assault on Petersburg, April 1-2, 1865, after which it moved
to City Point and became a part of the 2nd brigade, artillery reserve. On June 12, 1865,
the battery was mustered out at Readville.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 1