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22nd Massachusetts Infantry
in the Civil War

Regimental History
Twenty-second Infantry. — Cols., Henry Wilson, Jesse A. Gove, Charles E. Griswold, William S. Tilton ; Lieut-Cols., Charles E. Griswold, William S. Tilton, Thomas Sherwin, Jr.; Majs., Charles E. Griswold, William S. Tilton, Thomas Sherwin, Jr., Mason W. Burt. The 22nd was mustered in at Lynnfield for three years from Aug. 10 to Oct. 1, 1861, and mustered out Oct. 20, 1864, when the reenlisted men and recruits were transferred to the 32nd Mass. infantry. The regiment had 1,438 members, of whom 218 were killed or died of wounds and 94 died from disease or imprisonment. It reached Washington on Oct. 11, 1861, and went into camp at Hall's hill for the winter. The next spring it took part in the siege of Yorktown and after its close embarked for West Point, Va., thence to White House Landing and encamped there for a few days. Its next camp was at Gaines' mill, from which point an expedition was made which resulted in the action at Hanover Court House. The battle of Gaines' mill followed, in which Col. Gove was killed. On Sept. 1, 1862, the regiment was once more at Hall's hill, its previous camp, but not more than one-fifth of the men returned. At Antietam and Fredericksburg it escaped with few losses, and from Fredericksburg to the Chancellorsville movement in the spring of 1863, it was in camp near Stoneman's switch, from which place several expeditions were made, one the famous "Mud March." On the march toward Chancellorsville the 22nd aided in the capture of the fords of the Rapidan. It was in action at Gettysburg and Rappahannock Station, took part in the Mine Run campaign and camped for the rest of the winter near Rappahannock Station. The regiment had an important share in the work of the Army of the Potomac during the rest of its service, as is shown by its participation in the battles of the Wilderness, Laurel hill, Spottsylvania, Jericho ford, Little river, Totopotomoy, Bethesda Church and Shady Grove Church and the siege of Petersburg. In the words of Brig.-Gen. Griffin to the 22nd: "You leave the army with an enviable record, and with the regrets of your comrades at parting with you."

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 1

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