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90th Indiana Regiment / 5th Indiana Cavalry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
90th Indiana Regiment / 5th Indiana Cavalry Officer Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 3, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1866 View Entire Book
90th Indiana Regiment / 5th Indiana Cavalry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 6, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1866 View Entire Book

Regimental History
Ninetieth Indiana Regiment (5th Indiana Cavalry). — Cols., Robert R. Stewart, Felix W. Graham, Thomas H. Butler; Lieut. -Cols., Josiah Forth, Thomas H. Butler, John Woolley; Majs., Felix W. Graham, John S. Lyle, John Woolley, Joseph R. Haugh, Chauncey H. Thompson, Moses D. Leeson, Mell H. Soper. This regiment was organized at Indianapolis in 1862. Four companies were mustered in in August, five in September and three in October. Robert R. Stewart, who had been commanding colonel, declined the position and Felix W. Graham, who had been commanding major, was made colonel. Cos. C and F were sent to Carrollton, Ky., and Co. I to Rising Sun, Ind., in October, remaining until December, when they moved to Louisville, later to Munfordville and Glasgow, joining the regiment at the latter place in March, 1863. The other companies were sent in December to border counties, A and G being located at Newburg, B at Rockport, D and L at Mauckport, E and H at Cannelton, K at Mount Vernon, and M at Evansville. These companies moved to Louisville in Feb., 1863, and to Glasgow early in March. Reunited, the regiment was kept busy in scouting the country until April 17, being in several skirmishes and burning the town of Celina, Tenn. It was in heavy scouting and skirmishing until June 22, capturing many prisoners. On July 4 it started in pursuit of Morgan's raiders and finding them at Buffington island, attacked and drove them in every direction, killing and capturing many and securing 5 pieces of artillery. Returning to Glasgow, it started on Aug. 18 for East Tennessee and reached Knoxville on Sept. 1, being the first regiment of Union troops to enter that city. It was in an expedition across the Smoky mountains and on its return moved to Greeneville. It was then in an expedition to Bristol, being engaged in heavy skirmishing and the battle near Zollicoffer. It was also in an engagement near Blountsville and captured a number of prisoners. While marching toward Loudon and Bull's gap the regiment met 3,000 of the enemy near Henderson's mill and engaged in a fierce fight, holding the enemy in check in frequent hand-to-hand combats, and when nearly surrounded, cut its way through the lines and rejoined its brigade. Later, near Rheatown, it came upon the enemy's rear and engaged him again. It was in a second engagement near Blountsville, and was on outpost duty at Jonesboro until Nov. 6, when it moved to Cheek's cross-roads, thence to Tazewell, and later to Maynardville. It was in a heavy skirmish with a division of cavalry, and in heavy fighting at Walker's ford. It marched to Blain's cross-roads and Bean's station, where another fierce battle was fought, the regiment retreating towards Rutledge, and going into camp at Blain's cross-roads. On Dec. 23, it moved to Mossy creek, and remained there until Jan. 14, 1864, being constantly engaged in fighting. It participated in the battle of Dandridge, and made a charge on foot three quarters of a mile in advance of the main line of battle, driving the enemy before it. On the retreat it reached Knoxville Jan. 19, 1864, and there the horses of the regiment were turned over to the 14th Ill. cavalry. The regiment made a scout on foot to Pigeon creek, then moved to Cumberland gap, and thence to Mt. Sterling, where it was remounted. On May 1 it started for Tunnel Hill, Ga., and with Stoneman's command participated in the Atlanta campaign, being engaged in all the cavalry operations from Dalton to Decatur. Marching in a raid towards Macon in July, it took part in an attack upon the enemy and drove him 2 miles. Near Hillsboro it participated in an engagement with a body of Wheeler's cavalry and was left on the field to hold the enemy in check until the main body was entirely out of danger. Then the regiment was surrendered by Gen. Stoneman against Col. Butler's earnest protest. A part of the regiment, dismounted, had remained at Decatur and was put on guard duty with muskets until Sept. 13, when it was transferred to Kentucky, where it was rejoined by the remainder of the regiment which had been paroled and exchanged. Remounted, it marched for Pulaski, Tenn., Jan. 17, 1865, and there it remained on scouting work, capturing and dispersing bushwhackers and outlaws. It was mustered out June 16, 1865, at Pulaski. Cos. G, L and M having entered the service subsequent to Oct. 1, 1862, were not entitled to be mustered out, and, with the recruits, were transferred to the 6th cavalry, with which they served until its muster-out in September following. The original strength of the regiment was 1,242; gain by recruits, 522; total, 1,764. Loss by death, 217; desertion, 125; unaccounted for, 99.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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