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7th Indiana Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
7th Indiana Infantry Officer Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 2, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1865     View Entire Book

7th Indiana Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 4, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1866     View Entire Book

7th Indiana Infantry Reorganized Officer Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 2, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1865      View Entire Book

7th Indiana Infantry Reorganized Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 4, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1866     View Entire Book

Regimental History
Seventh Indiana Infantry. — Cols., Ebenezer Dumont, James Gavin, Ira G. Grover; Lieut. -Cols., Benjamin J. Spooner, James Gavin, John F. Cheek, Ira G. Grover, William C. Banta; Majs., Samuel P. Oyler, John F. Cheek, Benjamin C. Shaw, Ira G. Grover, William C. Banta, Merit C. Welch. This regiment was organized at Indianapolis in April, 1861, as a three months regiment and was mustered in April 28. It left the state May 29, being ordered to West Virginia where it joined other forces at Webster. The 7th took the advance upon Philippi, Co. B driving the enemy's pickets back and the regiment entered the town on the double quick followed by the column, the enemy being driven from the town. It remained in camp here for six weeks, engaged in scouting, and marched to Belington, where it engaged for three days in heavy skirmishes. It joined in the pursuit of the enemy, and overtaking him at Carrick's ford, the 7th charged and captured his baggage. Overtaking the fleeing forces again at the next ford, the 7th again defeated him, Gen. Garnett, commanding the enemy, being killed. "The regiment was mustered out at Indianapolis Aug. 2, 1861. It was immediately reorganized for three years, and was mustered in Sept. 13, leaving the state at once for Western Virginia, and joining Gen. Reynolds' command at Cheat mountain. It was engaged in the battle of Green Brier, and then moved to camp near Green Spring run. It was in the battle of Winchester heights, at Port Republic and Front Royal, then moved to Fredericksburg and back, and was assigned to Gen. McDowell's command. With Pope's forces it was in the campaign of the Army of Virginia, participating at Cedar mountain, and the second battle of Bull Run. It joined the pursuit of Lee through Maryland, and was in the battle of Antietam. It next fought at Ashby's gap, and participated in the battle of Fredericksburg. During 1863, it was engaged at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg, losing heavily in both battles. It was also in the battle of Mine Run in November and went into camp at Culpeper. It moved with the Army of the Potomac in the spring of 1864, being engaged at the battles of the Wilderness, Laurel hill, Spottsylvania, Po river, North Anna river, Bethesda Church and Cold Harbor, being under fire for eighteen days during these engagements and losing heavily. On June 16, it moved to the front of Petersburg, and participated in the assault of the 17th. It remained on duty in the siege of Petersburg until Aug. 18, and was then engaged at the Weldon railroad. It was consolidated with the 19th Ind. on Sept. 23, and this organization in turn was consolidated with the 20th Ind. on Oct. 18, the 7th being mustered out as a regiment Sept. 20, 1864. Its original strength was 1,046; gain by recruits, 190; reenlistments, 46; unassigned recruits, 17; total, 1,299. Loss by death, 212; desertion, 26; unaccounted for, 27.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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