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77th Indiana Regiment / 4th Indiana Cavalry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
77th Indiana Regiment / 4th Indiana Cavalry Officer Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 3, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1866 View Entire Book
77th Indiana Regiment / 4th Indiana Cavalry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 6, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1866 View Entire Book

Regimental History
Seventy-seventh Indiana Regiment (4th Indiana Cavalry). — Cols., Isaac P. Gray, Lawrence S. Shuler, John A. Platter, John T. Deweese, Horace P. Lamson; Lieut. -Cols., Lawrence S. Shuler, John A. Platter, John T. Deweese, Joseph P. Lesslie, Horace P. Lamson, George H. Purdy; Majs., John A. Platter, Nathan Earlywine, Warren Horr, John T. Deweese, Joseph P. Lesslie, Horace P. Lamson, George H. Purdy, Christopher C. Mason, William T. Pepper, John Austin, Albert J. Morley, Albert C. Rosencranz. This regiment was organized at Indianapolis and was mustered in Aug. 22, 1862. It left the state at once, a battalion of four companies commanded by Major Platter, proceeding to Henderson, Ky., and another battalion going to Louisville and thence to the interior of Missouri. Platter's battalion was engaged in skirmishes at Madisonville and Mt. Washington. The third battalion under Col. Gray, was encamped at Madison, Ind., for a short time, moving thence to Vevay, and then to Frankfort, Ky., which place was reached on Oct. 24. It was stationed for a time at Gallatin, Tenn., watching Morgan's forces, and was engaged in a victorious fight near Munfordville in December. In Jan., 1863, it moved into Tennessee and was in slight skirmishing about Murfreesboro in March. The regiment was united at this time, with the exception of Co. C, which became Gen. A. J. Smith's escort. The regiment moved with Rosecrans' army for Tullahoma and Chattanooga, participating at Chickamauga. It was also in the fight at Fayetteville, Tenn., Nov. 1. It passed the winter in East Tennessee, holding an advanced position in all the cavalry movements, and was conspicuously engaged at Mossy creek, Talbott's station and Dandridge. In the severe fight at Fair Garden its division drove two divisions of the enemy 8 miles during the day. Capt. Rosencranz, with the second battalion of the 4th, joined other regiments as skirmishers. Maj. Purdy, with the first battalion, supported by Lilly's 18th Ind. battery, and the remaining companies of the 4th, made a saber charge on a battery and captured it, together with a battleflag, and more prisoners than the charging party had men. Lieut. -Col. Lesslie was killed. In March, 1864, the regiment joined Sherman's cavalry, and was engaged at Varnell's station, Burnt Church, at Newnan in the McCook raid, and in all the movements of that expedition. After the fall of Atlanta it marched into Tennessee and was engaged at Columbia in October. It was stationed near Louisville, with the 2nd brigade, 1st cavalry division, Military Division of the Mississippi, during November; was near Nashville in Jan., 1865, and in February near Waterloo, Ala. It was engaged in Wilson's raid through Alabama and participated at Plantersville and Selma in April. It then moved into Georgia, leaving for Nashville in May. Co. C, which had served as Gen. Smith's escort, engaged in all the operations of his command, including the siege of Vicksburg and the Red river expedition, then joined the regiment in 1864 and served with it to the time of its discharge. The regiment was mustered out at Nashville June 29, 1865. Its original strength was 1,223; gain by recruits, 301; total, 1,524. Loss by death, 204; desertion 84; unaccounted for, 54.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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