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34th Indiana Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
34th Indiana Infantry Officer Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 2, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1865 View Entire Book
34th Indiana Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 5, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1866 View Entire Book

Regimental History
Thirty-fourth Indiana Infantry. — Cols., Asbury Steele, Townsend Ryan, Robert A. Cameron, Robert B. Jones, Robert G. Morrison; Lieut. -Cols., Townsend Ryan, William Swain, Robert B. Jones, Robert G. Morrison, Nimrod Headington; Majs., John L. Wilson, William Swain, Robert B. Jones, Robert G. Morrison, Nimrod Headington, Harrison L. Dean. This regiment was recruited at Anderson and was mustered in Sept. 16, 1861. It was in camp at Jeffersonville until Nov. 15, when it proceeded to New Haven, Ky., where it remained until Dec. 14, and then marched to Camp Wickliffe. On Feb. 7, 1862, it moved to the Green River, and on the 14th to the Ohio river, where it took transports for Cairo, marching from there to New Madrid. It was in the siege of the latter place and then moved to St. Meriweather's landing, where two 32-pound siege guns were placed in position. The regiment was attacked by seven gunboats on the 16th, but compelled them to withdraw. This battery cut off the retreat from Island No. 10, and led to its subsequent capture. The regiment garrisoned New Madrid from April 7 to June 14, aided in the capture of Fort Pillow, then moved to Memphis and joined Col. Fitch's command for the White river campaign. It engaged the enemy at Aberdeen, drawing him to Devall's Bluff, and was at Helena during the fall and winter of 1862-63, engaging in frequent expeditions, including the clearing of Yazoo pass which the enemy had filled with heavy timber. The regiment was assigned to Hovey's division, 13th corps, and took part in the Vicksburg campaign. It was in the engagement at Port Gibson, making a charge and capturing 2 field pieces and 49 prisoners, with a loss of 49 in killed and wounded; was at Champion's hill, where it captured the 46th Ala., with its colors and field officers, losing 79 men in killed and wounded; was in the siege of Vicksburg until the surrender and was then engaged at Jackson. It was then ordered to New Orleans, where it remained from Aug. 4 until Sept. 12, then moved to Brashear City, took part in the Teche expedition as far as Opelousas, was engaged at Carrion Crow Bayou, and was at New Iberia until Dec. 19. At this point 460 men reenlisted on Dec. 15, and on the 23d the regiment took ship for Pass Cavallo, Tex., reaching there Jan. 8, 1864, and remaining until Feb. 21. It returned to New Orleans and on March 20 left for home on furlough. After its return it was on duty at New Orleans until Dec. 18, 1864, when it embarked for Brazos Santiago, Tex. This regiment fought the last battle of the war near Brownsville, May 13, 1865, where 250 of the regiment fought 500 mounted men, equipped with a 6-gun battery, driving them for 3 miles, when the enemy got his battery in good position and compelled the regiment to fall back. Cos. B and E acting as rear-guard, were surrounded and forced to surrender. The regiment fell back to Brazos island and thence to Brownsville, remaining there until June 16, when it marched to Ringgold barracks, 260 miles up the Rio Grande, being the first Union troops to reoccupy that place. It returned to Brownsville July 24, and was mustered out Feb. 3, 1866. Its original strength was 1,011; gain by recruits, 357; reenlistments, 438; total, 1,806. Loss by death, 236; desertion, 44; unaccounted for, 15.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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