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19th Indiana Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
19th Indiana Infantry Officer Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 2, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1865     View Entire Book
19th Indiana Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 4, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1866     View Entire Book

Regimental History
Nineteenth Indiana Infantry. — Cols., Solomon Meredith, Samuel J. Williams, John M. Lindley; Lieut. -Cols., Robert A. Cameron, Alois O. Bachman, Samuel J. Williams, William W. Dudley, John M. Lindley; Majs., Alois O. Bachman, Isaac M. May, William W. Dudley, John M. Lindley, William Orr. This regiment was organized and mustered in at Indianapolis July 29, 1861. On Aug. 9 it joined the Army of the Potomac at Washington. Its first engagement was at Lewinsville, Va., Sept. 11, where it lost 3 men killed and wounded and 3 missing. It next fought at Falls church, after which it went into quarters at Fort Craig, near Washington. On March 10, 1862, it was attached to McDowell's (1st) corps, with which it moved towards Fredericksburg and then toward the Shenandoah Valley. It remained at Warrenton until Aug. 5, when it made a reconnaissance towards Spottsylvania Court House. It then joined Gen. Pope's army, fought at Cedar mountain, Gainesville and the second Bull Run. At Gainesville it lost 187 in killed and wounded and 33 missing. After the second battle of Bull Run it was stationed for a time at Washington, then moved to Frederick City, Md., and when Lee began his invasion of Maryland moved with Hooker's corps in pursuit. At South mountain the regiment lost 40 in killed and wounded and 7 missing, and at Antietam went into action with 200 officers and men, of whom but 37 returned from the field. Col. Meredith was made a brigadier-general on Oct. 6, and Lieut. -Col. Williams became colonel. At Fredericksburg the regiment was in the 4th brigade, 1st division, 1st corps, but was only slightly engaged. It then went into winter quarters until the beginning of Gen. Hooker's Chancellorsville campaign, when it was in an engagement at Fitzhugh's crossing of the Rappahannock, where it lost 4 men killed and wounded. It was in position at Chancellorsville, but was not called into action. It was then attached to the 1st brigade, 1st division, 1st corps, which was the first of the infantry to engage the enemy at Gettysburg on July 1, 1863. The regiment aided in the capture of Archer's Confederate brigade, but lost 210 men out of 288 that went into battle on that first day. During the other two days of the fight it occupied a position on Cemetery hill, but was not seriously engaged. It then took part in the Mine Run campaign and passed the winter near Culpeper, where a portion of the regiment reenlisted. It broke camp at the beginning of the Wilderness campaign; was engaged at the Wilderness, Laurel hill, about Spottsylvania, at the North Anna river and Cold Harbor; and was then constantly on duty in the trenches before Petersburg until the end of the siege. Its losses from May 4 to July 30, 1864, were 36 killed, 168 wounded and 16 missing. The non- veterans were mustered out at Indianapolis early in Aug., 1864, and the veterans and recruits as part of the "Iron brigade" took part in the expedition against the Weldon railroad. On Oct. 18, 1864, the regiment was consolidated with the 20th Ind., Col. Orr of the 19th becoming colonel of the new organization, and served thus until mustered out at Louisville, Ky., July 12, 1865.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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