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14th Indiana Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
14th Indiana Infantry Officer Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 2, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1865     View Entire Book
14th Indiana Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 4, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1866     View Entire Book

Regimental History
Fourteenth Indiana Infantry. — Cols., Nathan Kimball, William Harrow, John Coons; Lieut. -Cols., John R. Mahan, William Harrow, Philander R. Owen, John Coons, Elijah H. C. Cavins, William Houghton. This regiment was organized at Camp Vigo, near Terre Haute, in May, 1861. It originally was a one year regiment, but volunteered for three years on the call for three years troops, being the first Indiana regiment mustered in for that term. It was mustered in June 7, and left the state on July 5. It proceeded to Clarksburg, W. Va., and marched to Rich mountain where it was in reserve at the battle. It was stationed at Cheat mountain from July 16 to Oct. 8, and was engaged at that point on Sept. 12, and at Green Brier river Oct. 3. It encamped at Huttonsville, Philippi and Romney until Jan. 10, 1862, and passed the remainder of the winter at Paw Paw tunnel. On March 4, it joined Shields' division and proceeded to Winchester, where it participated in the battle, losing 4 killed and 50 wounded. On May 15, it commenced its march to Fredericksburg, leaving there on the 24th for Front Royal, which place was reached June 1, in time to assist in driving out the enemy. It was in various movements until July 2, reaching Turkey bend just as the Army of the Potomac was in retreat, the 14th engaging in severe fighting with the pursuing enemy and checking his advance. It was assigned to the 2nd corps and put on outpost duty, being in constant action with the enemy for nearly three weeks, and then moved to Centerville, where it assisted in covering the retreat of the army. It was in reserve at South mountain but at Antietam its division was the only one that never gave way during the battle, its brigade being called the "Gibraltar." The 14th fought for 4 hours within 60 yards of the enemy's line and lost 31 killed and 150 wounded. It moved to Harper's Ferry and Warrenton, thence to Falmouth, where it remained until Dec. 11. Its brigade led the attack on the works at Fredericksburg, but could not advance beyond a certain point, the enemy being too strongly intrenched. The regiment then encamped at Falmouth until April 28, 1863. It was in reserve at Chancellorsville during May 1-2, but on the 3d with its brigade charged and drove the enemy from the ground lost by the 11th corps the previous day, but was forced back by an overwhelming force, losing 7 killed, 50 wounded and 2 missing. It was in the battle of Gettysburg, charging the enemy's advance, saving Ricketts' battery, driving the enemy down the hill and capturing all the field officers, the colors, and most of the men of the 21st N. C. infantry on the evening of the second day's battle. The following day its division bore the brunt of the desperate attack on the left of the cemetery and the regiment lost 123 in killed and wounded. It was sent to New York on Aug. 16, to aid in quelling draft riots, but was with its corps when the enemy was whipped at Bristoe Station in October. It took part in the Mine Run campaign and then went into quarters at Stevensburg, where part of the regiment reenlisted as veterans in Dec, 1863. It was in action at Morton's ford in Feb., 1864, and moved with the army on the Wilderness campaign as part of Hancock's ( 2nd) corps, bearing the brunt of most of the fighting in the numerous engagements of that movement. It was in the victorious charge at Spottsylvania, when Col. Coons was killed, and was also in the battle of Cold Harbor. The regiment was mustered out at Indianapolis, June 20, 1864, and the reenlisted men and recruits were transferred on Aug. 1, to the 20th regiment. The original strength of the 14th was 1,055. Gain by recruits, 160; reenlistments, 59; total, 1,274. Loss by death, 185; desertion, 63; unaccounted for, 12.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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