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127th Indiana Regiment / 12th Indiana Cavalry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
127th Indiana Regiment / 12th Indiana Cavalry Officer Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 3, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1866 View Entire Book
127th Indiana Regiment / 12th Indiana Cavalry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 7, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1867 View Entire Book

Regimental History
One Hundred and Twenty-seventh Indiana Regiment (12th Indiana Cavalry). — Col., Edward Anderson; Lieut. -Col., Alfred Reed; Majs., Orris Blake, Josiah B. Cobb, William H. Calkins, Willys G. Beck. This regiment, the 127th, was organized at Kendallville, in the winter of 1863, and was mustered in March 1, 1864. It left the state May 6 for Nashville, Tenn., where it was equipped, although six companies only were mounted. The mounted portion was sent overland to Huntsville, Ala., May 29, in command of Lieut. -Col. Reed, while the unmounted portion was moved by rail in command of Col. Anderson. The regiment was assigned to railroad defense duty from Decatur to Paint Rock, Ala., the dismounted companies being assigned to the special work of defense and the erection of blockhouses, under the command of Maj. Blake. The mounted companies, actively engaged in ridding the country of guerrillas, were in many skirmishes and minor engagements, losing quite a number in killed and wounded. Headquarters were transferred to Brownsboro, where the regiment remained until Sept. 15, 1864, when it was ordered to Tullahoma, Tenn. Col. Anderson was assigned to the command of the post, the regiment garrisoning the place. Col. Anderson was ordered to Indianapohs on special service Sept. 23, Maj. Blake taking command of the post and regiment in his absence. The regiment was in several skirmishes with Forrest's command and with guerrillas while at this point. In October Maj. Blake was ordered to report for duty as assistant to the acting assistant provost-marshal-general at Indianapolis. Cos. C, D and H, stationed at Huntsville, in command of Capt. Williams, participated in the defense of that place, against the attack of a part of Forrest's forces. These companies joined the regiment at Tullahoma, the command moving for Murfreesboro Nov. 26, participating at Wilkinson's pike and Overall's creek, and being engaged in several skirmishes about Murfreesboro during December. At this point Col. Anderson was in command of the brigade, Lieut. -Col. Reed commanding the regiment. It went into winter quarters at Nashville, where it was assigned to the 2nd brigade, 7th division, cavalry corps. On Feb. 11, 1865, it started for New Orleans, but disembarked at Vicksburg. Being newly mounted and armed, it continued its trip, reaching New Orleans, March 12, and proceeded to Mobile, where it participated in the operations, against Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely, part of the regiment acting as escort to Maj. -Gen. Canby, the remainder being engaged in running a courier line into Florida. On April 17th, it moved in a cavalry raid of over 800 miles through Alabama and Georgia, thence to Columbus, Miss., which place was reached May 20. It was highly complimented by Gen. Grierson for its gallantry and military discipline. The regiment, in command of Maj. Blake, remained at Columbus until the middle of July. Col. Anderson then rejoined the regiment and moved with a portion of it to Grenada, Miss., establishing headquarters there, and Cos. D, K and L, in command of Capt. Graves, were sent to Austin, being employed for two months in protecting government cotton and other property, then reporting to Col. Anderson again at Grenada and proceeding later to Vicksburg. The other six companies, in command of Maj. Blake, remained at Columbus on guard duty until the latter part of October, when they joined the regiment at Vicksburg. The regiment was mustered out Nov. 10, 1865. Its original strength was 1,261; gain by recruits, 96; total, 1,357. Loss by death, 168; desertions 54; unaccounted for, 7.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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