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in the American Civil War
Indiana Infantry Officer Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the
State of Indiana, Volume 3, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1866 View Entire Book
Indiana Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the
State of Indiana, Volume 7, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1867 View Entire Book
|One Hundred and Twenty-third Indiana Infantry. Col., John C.
McQuiston; Lieut. -Cols., William A. Cullen, De Witt C. Walters; Majs., De Witt C.
Walters, Irwin Robbins. This regiment was organized during the winter of 1863-64 at
Greensburg, and was mustered in March 9, 1864. It left the state March 18, going to
Nashville, where it was assigned to the 2nd brigade, 1st division, 23d army corps. It
marched for Charleston, Tenn., from which place it proceeded with its corps for Atlanta.
It was engaged at Rocky Face ridge, its brigade facing a conical peak formidably fortified
from its base to the crest; a detachment supported by the 123d and the 130th Ind., charged
and captured this position and drove the enemy into his works on Rocky Face ridge. It took
part at Resaca, repulsing a dashing charge; pursued the enemy, almost constantly
skirmishing with his rear-guard, and acted in support of Hooker near Dallas. On June 9,
its brigade was transferred to the 2nd division of the same corps. At Lost mountain its
division was ordered to dislodge the enemy, which was done under a furious fire of grape
and canister, many prisoners being captured. Its division met and repulsed a fierce charge
at Pine mountain, inflicting heavy loss. Moving to position on the morning of June 27 at
Kennesaw mountain, the regiment drove the enemy into his intrenchments and held the
position against repeated attempts to regain it, losing 6 killed and 40 wounded. Following
the enemy the next day, it was in a constant skirmish and joined in a charge just at night
that drove the enemy from his works and established a line far in the advance. En route
for Decatur on July 19, its brigade, being in the advance, assaulted the enemy's position,
captured it and drove him from the town. It was in the charge at Atlanta Aug. 6, where it
lost 27 killed and wounded and was then constantly under fire until the 29th, when its
corps joined the flank movement which resulted in the evacuation of Atlanta. During this
campaign, the regiment lost 28 killed and 105 wounded. It encamped at Decatur until Oct.
3, when it joined in the pursuit of Hood's forces, moving as far as Gaylesville, from
which place it moved to join Thomas' army at Nashville, moving to Chattanooga, thence to
Columbia, Tenn. Sent down Duck river Nov. 16, a battalion of four companies under Lieut.
-Col. Walters was stationed at Gordon's ferry, the remainder at Williamstown. The danger
having passed the regiment moved towards Franklin. Finding itself in the rear of Forrest's
forces, 15,000 strong, it succeeded in moving about his left without detection and
rejoined its brigade without the loss of a man. It took part in the battle of Nashville
and joined in the pursuit of Hood until Dec. 27, where it halted at Columbia, Tenn., and
went into camp. On Jan. 3, 1865, it moved to Clifton, then embarked for Cincinnati and
proceeded to Washington. From there it was ordered to Alexandria, Va., where it sailed for
the Cape Fear river, landing and occupying Fort Anderson, on March 1. It next moved to
Morehead City, thence to New Berne, and on the 3d toward Raleigh. The advance encountered
Bragg's army at Wise Forks on the 7th. The regiment, with its brigade, was at the front in
the severe battle that followed, the enemy's assault being repelled and he forced to
retreat to his works. In two days' fight, its brigade repulsed a furious assault and made
a successful counter charge. The regiment moved to Kinston and Goldsboro, where Sherman's
army was met. On railroad guard duty until April 9, it then moved to Raleigh, thence to
Greensboro and Charlotte, N. C, where it passed the summer, thence to Raleigh, where it
was mustered out Aug. 25, 1865. The original strength was 1,050; gain by recruits, 20;
total 1,070. Loss by death 171; desertion 36, unaccounted for, 7.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 3