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123rd Indiana Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
123rd Indiana Infantry Officer Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 3, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1866 View Entire Book
123rd Indiana Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 7, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1867 View Entire Book

Regimental History
One Hundred and Twenty-third Indiana Infantry. — Col., John C. McQuiston; Lieut. -Cols., William A. Cullen, De Witt C. Walters; Majs., De Witt C. Walters, Irwin Robbins. This regiment was organized during the winter of 1863-64 at Greensburg, and was mustered in March 9, 1864. It left the state March 18, going to Nashville, where it was assigned to the 2nd brigade, 1st division, 23d army corps. It marched for Charleston, Tenn., from which place it proceeded with its corps for Atlanta. It was engaged at Rocky Face ridge, its brigade facing a conical peak formidably fortified from its base to the crest; a detachment supported by the 123d and the 130th Ind., charged and captured this position and drove the enemy into his works on Rocky Face ridge. It took part at Resaca, repulsing a dashing charge; pursued the enemy, almost constantly skirmishing with his rear-guard, and acted in support of Hooker near Dallas. On June 9, its brigade was transferred to the 2nd division of the same corps. At Lost mountain its division was ordered to dislodge the enemy, which was done under a furious fire of grape and canister, many prisoners being captured. Its division met and repulsed a fierce charge at Pine mountain, inflicting heavy loss. Moving to position on the morning of June 27 at Kennesaw mountain, the regiment drove the enemy into his intrenchments and held the position against repeated attempts to regain it, losing 6 killed and 40 wounded. Following the enemy the next day, it was in a constant skirmish and joined in a charge just at night that drove the enemy from his works and established a line far in the advance. En route for Decatur on July 19, its brigade, being in the advance, assaulted the enemy's position, captured it and drove him from the town. It was in the charge at Atlanta Aug. 6, where it lost 27 killed and wounded and was then constantly under fire until the 29th, when its corps joined the flank movement which resulted in the evacuation of Atlanta. During this campaign, the regiment lost 28 killed and 105 wounded. It encamped at Decatur until Oct. 3, when it joined in the pursuit of Hood's forces, moving as far as Gaylesville, from which place it moved to join Thomas' army at Nashville, moving to Chattanooga, thence to Columbia, Tenn. Sent down Duck river Nov. 16, a battalion of four companies under Lieut. -Col. Walters was stationed at Gordon's ferry, the remainder at Williamstown. The danger having passed the regiment moved towards Franklin. Finding itself in the rear of Forrest's forces, 15,000 strong, it succeeded in moving about his left without detection and rejoined its brigade without the loss of a man. It took part in the battle of Nashville and joined in the pursuit of Hood until Dec. 27, where it halted at Columbia, Tenn., and went into camp. On Jan. 3, 1865, it moved to Clifton, then embarked for Cincinnati and proceeded to Washington. From there it was ordered to Alexandria, Va., where it sailed for the Cape Fear river, landing and occupying Fort Anderson, on March 1. It next moved to Morehead City, thence to New Berne, and on the 3d toward Raleigh. The advance encountered Bragg's army at Wise Forks on the 7th. The regiment, with its brigade, was at the front in the severe battle that followed, the enemy's assault being repelled and he forced to retreat to his works. In two days' fight, its brigade repulsed a furious assault and made a successful counter charge. The regiment moved to Kinston and Goldsboro, where Sherman's army was met. On railroad guard duty until April 9, it then moved to Raleigh, thence to Greensboro and Charlotte, N. C, where it passed the summer, thence to Raleigh, where it was mustered out Aug. 25, 1865. The original strength was 1,050; gain by recruits, 20; total 1,070. Loss by death 171; desertion 36, unaccounted for, 7.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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