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119th Indiana Regiment / 7th Indiana Cavalry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
119th Indiana Regiment / 7th Indiana Cavalry Officer Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 3, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1866 View Entire Book
119th Indiana Regiment / 7th Indiana Cavalry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 7, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1867 View Entire Book
119th Indiana Regiment / 7th Indiana Cavalry Reorganized Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Indiana, Volume 7, by W.H.H. Terrell, Adjutant General, Indiana, 1867 >View Entire Book

Regimental History
One Hundred and Nineteenth Indiana Regiment (7th Indiana Cavalry). — Cols., John P. C. Shanks, Thomas M. Browne; Lieut. -Cols., Thomas M. Browne, Samuel E. W. Simonson; Majs., Christian Beck, Samuel E. W. Simonson, John C. Febles, James H. Carpenter, John M. Moore. This regiment, the 119th of the line, was organized at Indianapolis in the summer of 1863, by authority of the secretary of war, for three years, and was mustered in by companies, the organization being completed Oct. 1. It left the state Dec. 6, reporting at Louisville, and was ordered to Union City, Tenn. On the 14th a detachment, in command of Maj. Beck, moved towards Paris, but finding the enemy's cavalry in heavy force at that point retraced its steps. It was assigned to the 1st brigade (Brig. -Gen. Grierson commanding), 6th division, 16th army corps. It moved with a force on Dec. 24, into Mississippi to cut off Forrest in his retreat from Jackson, Tenn., being in a brisk skirmish with his forces near Paris. It was engaged in a sharp fight at Egypt Station, Miss., and in a severe battle near Okolona, Feb. 22, 1864. The enemy drove the Union forces from the field, but the 7th cavalry held the enemy in check and saved the train after the division had fled. Later, it made a saber charge, saving a battery that had been abandoned, but was compelled to retire, with a loss of 11 killed, 36 wounded and 37 missing. It was complimented by the commanders for its valor. It was stationed near Memphis for some time, engaged in scouting. Moving with Sturgis' forces upon Forrest, the enemy was engaged at Guntown, Miss., in heavy force, a desperate fight ensuing, in which the 7th took part. It was again complimented by Gen. Grierson for having repulsed repeated charges by superior numbers. It was on railroad guard duty near Memphis, being in a fight at La Mavoo, Miss., Aug. 18, and had 7 men killed near Memphis, Oct. 4, by guerrillas. Leaving Memphis in Nov., 1864, it marched with Mower's division through Arkansas in pursuit of Price's forces, proceeding as far as Cape Girardeau, where it took steamers to St. Louis, marching into the interior of Missouri. Returning to Memphis, it took part in an expedition in search of Forrest, surprising his dismounted force at Vernon, capturing the camp and a large quantity of stores, 16 cars loaded with pontoons for Hood's army, and 4,000 new English carbines. On the 28th the enemy was attacked at Egypt Station, his forces captured or dispersed and a train of 14 cars destroyed. The regiment was actively engaged in scouting and on provost duty near Memphis until June, 1865, when it moved to Alexandria, La., and on June 21 was consolidated into six companies. It was ordered to Hempstead, Tex., where, on Oct. 10, Col. Shanks was mustered out for disability and Lieut. -Col. Browne was appointed colonel. The regiment was mustered out Feb. 18, 1866. Original strength, 1,202; gain by recruits, 127; total, 1,392. Loss by death, 243; desertion, 169; unaccounted for, 29.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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