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91st Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War
91st Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant
General of the State of Illinois, Volume 5, Revised by Brigadier General J.N.
Reece, Adjutant General, 1900
|Ninety-first Infantry. — Col., Henry M. Day; Lieut.
-Cols., Harry S. Smith, George A. Day; Majs., Harry S. Smith, George A.
Day. This regiment was organized at Camp Butler in Aug., 1862, and was
mustered in on Sept. 8. It left for the front on Oct. 1, and arrived at
Shepherdsville, Ky., on the 7th. On Dec. 27, at Elizabethtown, after an
engagement with the forces of Gen. John Morgan, in which the regiment
sustained a loss of 7 killed and a larger number wounded, the regiment
surrendered and the men were paroled. On June 5, 1863, it was exchanged
and newly armed and equipped for the fray. The regiment was sent to
Louisiana, where in the following September the brigade to which it
belonged had a fight with the enemy near the Atchafalaya river, the
result of the contest being that the enemy held his ground and the
brigade fell back 6 miles. On the following day the brigade again
advanced, driving the enemy across the river. On Nov. 6 the regiment
started for Brownsville, Tex., skirmishing all the way with the enemy,
and reached Fort Brown on Nov. 9, going into winter quarters, where it
remained until Dec. 31, when it made its famous raid on Salt Lake, 90
miles out in the enemy's country, capturing a lake of salt 2 miles
square, a few hundred horses, mules and cattle, which were promptly
confiscated for the good of the command. In Sept., 1864, the regiment
had quite a fight with the Confederates near Bagdad, on the north side
of the Rio Grande, and it was said at the time a squadron of French
troops forded the Rio Grande to help the Confederates, but all to no
use, for they were driven back and over the "old battle field," Palo
Alto, of 1846. Throughout the siege of Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely the
regiment took a very active part, and the fall of those strongholds
resulted in the surrender of Mobile on April 12, 1865. Cos. A, B, C, D,
F and H participated in a running engagement with Hardee after the
surrender of the city, which was the last fight in which the regiment
was engaged. The regiment was mustered out on July 12, 1865.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 3