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90th Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War
90th Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant
General of the State of Illinois, Volume 5, Revised by Brigadier General J.N.
Reece, Adjutant General, 1900
|Ninetieth Infantry. — Col., Timothy O'Meara; Lieut.
-Cols., Timothy O'Meara, Smith McCleavy, Owen Stewart; Majs., Owen
Stewart, Patrick Flynn. This regiment was mustered into the U. S.
service at Chicago, Sept. 7, 1862. Co. A was recruited at Rockford, B at
Galva, C at Lockport and LaSalle, D at Joliet, E at Chicago, F at
Chicago and Springfield, G and H at Chicago, I at Belvidere and K at
Ottawa. The regiment remained in Chicago until Nov. 27, performing guard
duty at Camp Douglas, and then it was ordered to the front by way of
Cairo. From there it proceeded by transports to Columbus, Ky., thence to
La Grange, Tenn., where it arrived at 8 p. m., Dec. 2, and went into
camp, naming its first village of tents in the South Camp Yates, in
honor of the great war governor of Illinois. On the morning of Dec. 20,
Gen. Van Dorn, after having surprised and captured Holly Springs,
attacked the regiment at Coldwater, but the Confederates were repulsed.
After the fall of Vicksburg the regiment took part in the Jackson
campaign, which resulted in driving Johnston out of Jackson and across
the Pearl river. Being transferred to eastern Tennessee, it participated
in the battle of Missionary ridge, where the list of casualties in the
regiment reached nearly 100. It participated in the Atlanta campaign,
marching by way of Ship's gap, Villanow and through Snake Creek gap upon
Resaca, where a lively battle was fought, the regiment sustaining a
small loss in wounded. The next move was on Dallas, where a lively
skirmish occurred, thence to New Hope Church, Big Shanty, Kennesaw
mountain, Marietta, Nickajack creek, Rosswell and across the
Chattahoochee river on July 9. At Atlanta on July 22 the regiment lost a
considerable number of men captured, who were taken to Andersonville. In
the assault on Fort McAllister near Savannah, the regiment lost 3 killed
and 12 wounded. It then marched up through the Carolinas, and after the
surrender continued the journey to Washington, where it took part in the
grand review. On June 7, 1865, the regiment took its departure for
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 3