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86th Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
86th Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, Volume 5, Revised by Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Adjutant General, 1900       View Entire Book

Regimental History
Eighty-sixth Infantry. Col., David D. Irons ; Lieut. -Cols., David W. Magee, Allen L. Fahnestock; Majs., James S. Bean, Orlando Fountain, Allen L. Fahnestock, Joseph F. Thomas. This regiment was mustered into service on Aug. 27, 1862, at Camp Lyon, Peoria, at which time it numbered 923 men rank and file. On Sept. 7 it embarked for Louisville, Ky., where it remained until Oct. 1, when it joined the command of Gen. Buell in the pursuit of Bragg. On Oct. 8 it fought at Perryville, where the regiment had the advance, and in a charge lost 1 killed and 13 wounded. It participated in the battle of Chickamauga, losing 1 killed, 4 wounded and 1 captured. It then crossed the Tennessee river, marched 6 miles up the river and guarded a ford till Nov. 23, when the regiment assisted Gen. Sherman to float his pontoons down to the river at night, cross his army, capture a Confederate post and make the attack on the north end of Missionary ridge. It then marched in pursuit of Bragg to Ringgold, Ga., and in Feb., 1864, joined in a reconnoissance, going as far as Buzzard Roost, where it took part in the engagement, losing 1 killed and 7 wounded. In May, in the fight near Buzzard Roost, it had 1 man wounded ; then moved to the right through Snake Creek gap and participated in the battle of Resaca, losing 4 wounded and 1 missing. It moved from Resaca on May 16; arrived in Rome on the 17th; was in the fight there, losing 5 killed and 12 wounded ; marched from Rome to Dallas, where it had a skirmish, having 1 man wounded and 1 accidentally wounded ; then moved through Acworth and arrived at Kennesaw mountain, and while in front of the enemy there lost 1 killed and 7 wounded. In the charge at Kennesaw mountain on June 27, the regiment lost 26 killed, 60 wounded and 12 missing, holding its position till July 2, and during the interim losing 2 killed and 7 wounded. On July 3 it marched after the enemy to the Chattahoochee river, losing 2 men wounded, then crossed the river and skirmished to Peachtree creek, where it lost in the battle 4 killed and 11 wounded. Arriving at Jonesboro, it engaged the enemy in battle, losing 2 killed and 13 wounded. It left Atlanta on Sept. 29 on the cars to Chattanooga, Tenn., thence to Stevenson, Ala., from Stevenson to Athens, and then marched to Florence, where it drove Gen. Forrest across the river. On Nov. 16 the regiment started on Sherman's march to the sea, sharing in all its perils and privations, and reached Savannah Dec. 11, with the loss of 1 man wounded and 6 captured. It then entered the campaign of the Carolinas, passed through Fayetteville, crossed the Cape Fear river and engaged the enemy near Averasboro, losing in that action 2 killed and 3 wounded. It then marched for Bentonville, N. C, and was in the battle at that place, losing 1 killed and 22 wounded. It participated in the grand review at Washington and then camped near the Soldiers' Home until mustered out on June 6, 1865. The number killed in battle was 53 ; died of wounds, 27; died of disease, 86; wounded in battle, 160; accidentally wounded, 16; captured, 33; deserted, 28; officers resigned, 17; officers discharged, 5 ; officers dismissed, 1 ; total membership of regiment at time of muster out, 388.

Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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