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7th Illinois Cavalry
in the American Civil War
|Seventh Illinois Cavalry. — Cols., William Pitt Kellogg, Edward
Prince, John M. Graham; Lieut. -Cols., Edward Prince, William D.
Blackburn, George W. Trafton, Henry C. Forbes; Majs., Cyrus Hall, Jonas
Rawalt, Zenas Applington, Henry Case, Horatio C. Nelson, Antrim P.
Koehler, William D. Blackburn, Henry C. Forbes, John M. Graham, Asa W.
McDonald, George A. Root, Miles G. Wiley. This regiment was organized at
Camp Butler and was mustered into the U. S. service Oct. 13, 1861, for
three years. Col. Kellogg was absent in Nebraska during the early days
of the regiment, and the drilling, instruction and discipline were
mainly conducted by Lieut. -Col. Prince, until the last of October when
he and Maj. Rawalt, with Cos. A, C, I and G, were ordered to Bird's
Point, where the other eight companies arrived on Dec. 25. The first
real engagement of the regiment was at the battle of Iuka, and it also
fought at Corinth in Oct., 1862, losing about 40 officers and men
killed, wounded and missing. In November seven companies fought
Richardson near Summerville and captured 70 men and 2 stands of colors.
About half of the regiment marched over 900 miles during the month of
December and was engaged with the enemy nearly every day to a greater or
less extent. On Dec, 26, 1863, the regiment fought the entire force of
Forrest without support, coming out of course second best, and a few
days later it was engaged at Moscow, Tenn. In March, 1864, 289 officers
and men reenlisted and were furloughed in April. About 120 of the
non-veterans were at Guntown under Sturgis, in his celebrated defeat at
that place. When Forrest made his raid on Memphis, seven companies of
the regiment fought gallantly against the entire force on the Hernando
road, losing several men killed, wounded and missing, and with the 6th
cavalry followed him to the Tallahatchie river. The loss to the regiment
during the first day's fighting at Nashville was 13 killed and wounded,
and during the second day it lost 26. After the surrender of the
Confederate armies, the regiment remained on guard duty in the south,
the greater part of the time at Decatur, Ala., until Oct. 20, when it
marched to Nashville and was mustered out. It received its final pay and
discharge Nov. 17, 1865, at Camp Butler.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 3