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73rd Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War
73rd Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant
General of the State of Illinois, Volume 4, Revised by Brigadier General J.N.
Reece, Adjutant General, 1900
|Seventy-third Illinois Infantry. — Col., James F. Jaquess ;
Lieut. -Cols., Benjamin F. Northcott, William A. Presson, James I.
Davidson; Majs., William A. Presson, James I. Davidson, William E.
Smith, Thomas Motherspaw, Wilson Burrows. This regiment was recruited
from the counties of Adams, Champaign, Christian, Hancock, Jackson,
Logan, Piatt, Pike, Sangamon, Tazewell and Vermillion. It was mustered
into service at Camp Butler Aug. 21, 1862, and numbered 900 strong. It
moved almost immediately for the front, reaching Louisville on Aug. 25.
Its first engagement was at the battle of Perryville, where it became
engaged at about 3 p. m. and continued in action until after 4 o'clock,
delivering and receiving a heavy fire. During the first day's fighting
at Stone's river it was in several severe conflicts, fully establishing
its reputation for courage, and in the engagements of Chickamauga ahd
Missionary ridge the conduct of the regiment merited the praise bestowed
in congratulatory orders. At Rocky Face ridge some sharpshooters
specially detailed from the regiment did good work, and on May 14, 1864,
the regiment fought at Resaca. It bore a part in the action at
Adairsville, and two days later in skirmishes about Kingston. Starting
forward again and coming in contact with the enemy, the month of June,
1864, chronicled the following engagements, in most of which the
regiment participated : Burnt Hickory, Pine and Lost mountains, New Hope
Church and Kennesaw mountain. In the assault on Kennesaw mountain it
suffered comparatively little, owing to the nature of the ground. It
participated in the battle of Peachtree creek and in the investment of
Atlanta. The regiment bore a part in the skirmishing near Columbia,
Tenn., south of Duck river, which it crossed on the night of Nov. 28.
The brigade, now under Emerson Opdycke, colonel of the 125th Ohio,
participated in the battle of Franklin, and also took part both days in
the battle at Nashville, making on the afternoon of the 16th, with many
other regiments, its last bayonet charge, which was successful. It was
mustered out at Nashville June 12, 1865, and a few days later went to
Springfield, Ill., on the same train with the 79th Ill. to receive pay
and final discharge. During its term of service its losses were as
follows: died in prison, 16; died of disease, 102; died of wounds, 45 ;
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 3