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45th Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
45th Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, Volume 3, Revised by Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Adjutant General, 1900       View Entire Book

Regimental History
Forty-fifth Illinois Infantry. Cols., John Eugene Smith, Jasper A. Maltby; Lieut.-Cols., Charles C. Campbell, Jasper A. Maltby, Melancthon Smith, Robert P. Sealy, John O. Duer; Majs., Melancthon Smith, Luther H. Cowan, Leander B. Fisk, John O. Duer, James J. Palmer. This regiment, during its organization, rendezvoused at the Jo Daviess county fair grounds, near Galena, and the camp was named Camp Washburne, in honor of E. B. Washburne, member of Congress from the Galena district. Seven companies of the regiment only were in camp at Galena, but the regimental organization was fully completed and the regiment armed with the short Enfield rifle. On Nov. 22 Camp Washburne was broken up, and the regiment was ordered to Camp Douglas, Chicago, where the full complement of ten companies was made up and the regiment was mustered into the U. S. service on Dec. 25, 1861. On Jan. 12, 1862, it left Camp Douglas for Cairo, where it went into camp until Feb. 1, when it was assigned to the 2nd brigade, 1st division, and the next day left Cairo with Gen. Grant's army for the Tennessee river. On the 4th it pitched its tents in the first camp in the field Camp Halleck, 4 miles below Fort Henry. At Fort Donelson it was sent to the relief of the 49th Ill. infantry, which was engaged close up to the enemy's works, and received its "baptism of fire." The regiment bore its full share of the three days' fight at Donelson, though its loss was small, only 2 killed and 26 wounded. It went into the fight at Shiloh with about 500 men and was in the front line from first to last of the two days' battle, the losses of the regiment being 26 killed, and 199 wounded and missing. The summer of 1862 was spent in camp at Jackson, Tenn., and later four companies were stationed at Medon, one company at Treager's, and five companies at Toon's. Co. C was captured at Treager's, at Medon a sharp fight occurred in which the Confederates were repulsed, and the loss in the regiment was 3 killed, 13 wounded and 43 taken prisoners. The regiment participated in all the battles of the Vicksburg campaign, forming a part of Logan's division. It took part in three charges against the Confederate works in May and June, the loss to the regiment in the last assault being 83 officers and men killed and wounded. The regiment was detailed for provost guard duty in Vicksburg on July 4, and continued to do such duty until Oct. 14, when it was relieved to take part in the Canton raid, during which a skirmish occurred with the Confederates at Bogue Chitto creek. In the months of December and January the regiment almost to a man reenlisted as veterans. From Feb. 3 to March 4 it took part in the "Meridian raid," and was engaged in the skirmish at Chunky Station, where 3 men of the regiment were wounded. On March 17 it left Vicksburg for Cairo, where it was given a 30 days' veteran furlough. Beginning on June 7, it took its share in the Atlanta campaign, before and after the fall of Atlanta, until the beginning of the march to the sea. It participated in the Carolina campaign and was engaged in the attack on Pocotaligo, S. C, where it suffered a loss of 8 men wounded before the place was taken. The regiment participated in the grand review at Washington, and on June 6 left that place for Louisville, Ky., where it was mustered out of service on July 12, 1865.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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