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43rd Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
43rd Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, Volume 3, Revised by Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Adjutant General, 1900       View Entire Book

Regimental History
Forty-third Illinois Infantry. Cols., Julius Raith, Adolph Engelmann: Lieut.- Cols., Adolph Engelmann, Adolph Dengler; Majs., Adolph Dengler, Charles Stephani, Hugo Westerman. This regiment was organized at Camp Butler in Sept., 1861, and was mustered into the U. S. service on Oct. 12. On the following day, containing only eight companies, it moved by railroad to Benton barracks, St. Louis. Mo., where it was armed with old Harper's Ferry and English Tower muskets, changed from flint locks to percussion guns. On Jan. 20-21 Cos. I and K were added to the regiment and it was armed with new Belgian rifles, an excellent arm, but very heavy. At the battle of Shiloh the 43d for a long time alone supported the Waterhouse battery and with it offered a stubborn resistance to the enemy, leaving in this first position 36 of its number dead, while many had been carried to the rear severely wounded. In every position held by the regiment during the first day's fighting it left its dead and wounded, and the latter, being carried off by the enemy, were the only men who had to be reported missing. The advance the next day was slow and it was 4 p. m. when what was left of the regiment again stacked arms in front of its camp. Out of a total of 500 taken into actign it had lost 206, of whom 49 had been left dead on the field. In the early spring of 1863, 200 men of the regiment were mounted and made expeditions to the distance of 40 miles from Bolivar, Tenn. (where the regiment was stationed), engaging in several skirmishes and capturing many prisoners and horses. In the spring of 1864 the 43d took part in the Red river expedition, after which it remained at Little Rock, Ark., until the enlistment for three years expired, when the non-veterans were mustered out on Dec. 16, 1864.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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