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41st Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
41st Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, Volume 3, Revised by Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Adjutant General, 1900       View Entire Book

Regimental History
Forty-first Illinois Infantry. Col., Isaac C. Pugh ; Lieut.-Cols., Ansel Tupper, John Warner, John H. Nale; Majs., John Warner, John H. Nale, Francis M. Long, Robert H. McFadden. This regiment was organized at Decatur during July and Aug., 1861. Co. A was from Decatur, B from Sullivan and Bethany, C, F and K were from Clinton and De Witt county, E from Blue Mound, G from Taylorville, I from Mount Auburn and Illiopolis, D from Mattoon and H from Shelbyville. It was mustered into the U. S. service Aug. 5 and on the 8th moved to St. Louis, remaining at the arsenal there until the 29th, when it was moved to Bird's Point and assigned to the command of Gen. Prentiss. It was on the extreme right, next to the backwater of the Cumberland river, and was the first regiment engaged in the desperate struggle at Fort Donelson when the Confederate army attempted to cut its way out. This was the first general fight the regiment had participated in, and being overpowered, was driven back with the entire division, but not until it had suffered severely and exhausted its ammunition. The regiment lost some 200 in killed and wounded. It participated in the desperate battle of Shiloh, forming the left of what the Confederates called the "Hornets' Nest." In the first day's fight it was under fire fully 6 hours and lost about 200 in killed and wounded. It formed part of the last line of defense, assisted in repulsing the Confederate forces, driving them back beyond the reach of our gunboats, and thus closed its work on the first day at Shiloh. On the second day it made one charge and assisted in driving the enemy from his position on the right, but the loss of the regiment was severe in killed and wounded. It took part in the siege of Corinth, where the army under Gen. Halleck was 25 days in moving 24 miles. In October the regiment made a forced march with the division and intercepted the Confederate army on the Hatchie river, the enemy being on his retreat from what is known as the second battle of Corinth. On April 12, 1863, it met the Confederate Gen. Chalmers on the Coldwater river, double-quicked 3 miles and fought for 3 hours. It landed at Haynes' bluff, May 22, was assigned to the 13th army corps and took part in the 47 days' siege of Vicksburg, during which time it lost some 50 in killed and wounded. In the engagement at Jackson in July the 41st lost in killed, wounded and prisoners near 200. Nearly 200 of the regiment reenlisted as veterans in March, 1864, and were given a 30 days' furlough. The non-veterans moved up the Red river, participating in the campaign under Gen. A. J. Smith and Gen. Banks, and in all the battles and skirmishes of that disastrous movement. The regiment participated in the battle of Guntown, and while camped at Marietta, July 21, the term of service of the men who did not reenlist expired and they returned home. The remnant was then organized as a battalion.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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