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30th Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War
30th Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant
General of the State of Illinois, Volume 2, Revised by Brigadier General J.N.
Reece, Adjutant General, 1900
|Thirtieth Illinois Infantry. — Cols., Philip B. Fouke, Elias S.
Dennis, Warren Shedd ; Lieut.-Cols., Elias S. Dennis, George A. Bacon,
Warren Shedd, William C. Rhodes; Majs., Thomas McClurken, George A.
Bacon, Warren Shedd, William C. Rhodes, Robert Allen, John P. Davis.
This regiment was organized at Camp Butler, Ill., Aug. 28, 1861, and on
Sept. 1 moved to Cairo, where it was assigned to Brig.-Gen. John A.
McClernand's brigade. On Oct. 22 it went on a scout into Kentucky, near
Columbus, and on Nov. 7 was engaged in the battle of Belmont. It did
gallant service during that action and captured the celebrated "Watson's
New Orleans battery." On Jan. 10, 1862, it moved from Cairo on a
reconnoissance into Kentucky, and returned on the 22nd. On Feb. 4 it
moved up the Tennessee river, was in the attack on and taking of Fort
Henry, and was also engaged in the siege and capture of Fort Donelson.
It took part in the siege of Corinth and on Sept. 1 marched toward Medon
Station on the Mississippi Central railroad. About 4 miles from that
place it met the enemy's cavalry, 6,000 strong, and after 4 hours hard
fighting drove the Confederates from the field and gained a brilliant
victory. In May, 1863, it joined in the operations against Vicksburg and
moved to Hankinson's ferry on the Black river, skirmishing with the
enemy en route. It was engaged in the battle of Raymond and also that of
Champion's hill, losing heavily in the latter. It actively participated
in the siege of Vicksburg until June 23 and then moved to the Black
river to watch the Confederate Gen. Johnston. It moved with Gen.
Sherman's army to Jackson and assisted in the investment of that place,
after which it returned to Vicksburg, arriving July 25. In the following
October it was in the engagement at Bogue Chitto creek. On Jan. 1, 1864,
it was mustered in as a veteran organization and on the 10th moved with
an expedition up the Mississippi river against guerrillas. In February
it left Vicksburg on the Meridian campaign and participated in the
several skirmishes with the enemy. In March it left Vicksburg on a
veteran furlough and after the expiration of the 30 days returned to the
field and joined Gen. Sherman's grand army at Acworth, Ga. It skirmished
with the enemy at Big Shanty; participated in all the movements until
Atlanta was reached; was in the battle of July 21 and 22, near Atlanta,
losing heavily ; was actively engaged until the fall of the city,
including the battle of Jonesboro; then moved with Gen. Sherman's army
in the march to the sea, and participated in the capture of Savannah. In
Jan., 1865, it entered upon the Carolina campaign and participated in
the capture of Pocotaligo, being later engaged during the march in the
capture of Orangeburg, Columbia and Cheraw, S. C, and Fayetteville, N.
C, besides destroying railroad tracks, etc. On April 29 it started
northward and marched via Richmond to Alexandria, Va. It took part in
the grand review at Washington, after which it proceeded to Louisville,
Ky., where it was mustered out on July 17, 1865.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 3