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30th Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
30th Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, Volume 2, Revised by Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Adjutant General, 1900       View Entire Book

Regimental History
Thirtieth Illinois Infantry. Cols., Philip B. Fouke, Elias S. Dennis, Warren Shedd ; Lieut.-Cols., Elias S. Dennis, George A. Bacon, Warren Shedd, William C. Rhodes; Majs., Thomas McClurken, George A. Bacon, Warren Shedd, William C. Rhodes, Robert Allen, John P. Davis. This regiment was organized at Camp Butler, Ill., Aug. 28, 1861, and on Sept. 1 moved to Cairo, where it was assigned to Brig.-Gen. John A. McClernand's brigade. On Oct. 22 it went on a scout into Kentucky, near Columbus, and on Nov. 7 was engaged in the battle of Belmont. It did gallant service during that action and captured the celebrated "Watson's New Orleans battery." On Jan. 10, 1862, it moved from Cairo on a reconnoissance into Kentucky, and returned on the 22nd. On Feb. 4 it moved up the Tennessee river, was in the attack on and taking of Fort Henry, and was also engaged in the siege and capture of Fort Donelson. It took part in the siege of Corinth and on Sept. 1 marched toward Medon Station on the Mississippi Central railroad. About 4 miles from that place it met the enemy's cavalry, 6,000 strong, and after 4 hours hard fighting drove the Confederates from the field and gained a brilliant victory. In May, 1863, it joined in the operations against Vicksburg and moved to Hankinson's ferry on the Black river, skirmishing with the enemy en route. It was engaged in the battle of Raymond and also that of Champion's hill, losing heavily in the latter. It actively participated in the siege of Vicksburg until June 23 and then moved to the Black river to watch the Confederate Gen. Johnston. It moved with Gen. Sherman's army to Jackson and assisted in the investment of that place, after which it returned to Vicksburg, arriving July 25. In the following October it was in the engagement at Bogue Chitto creek. On Jan. 1, 1864, it was mustered in as a veteran organization and on the 10th moved with an expedition up the Mississippi river against guerrillas. In February it left Vicksburg on the Meridian campaign and participated in the several skirmishes with the enemy. In March it left Vicksburg on a veteran furlough and after the expiration of the 30 days returned to the field and joined Gen. Sherman's grand army at Acworth, Ga. It skirmished with the enemy at Big Shanty; participated in all the movements until Atlanta was reached; was in the battle of July 21 and 22, near Atlanta, losing heavily ; was actively engaged until the fall of the city, including the battle of Jonesboro; then moved with Gen. Sherman's army in the march to the sea, and participated in the capture of Savannah. In Jan., 1865, it entered upon the Carolina campaign and participated in the capture of Pocotaligo, being later engaged during the march in the capture of Orangeburg, Columbia and Cheraw, S. C, and Fayetteville, N. C, besides destroying railroad tracks, etc. On April 29 it started northward and marched via Richmond to Alexandria, Va. It took part in the grand review at Washington, after which it proceeded to Louisville, Ky., where it was mustered out on July 17, 1865.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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