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2nd Illinois Cavalry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
2nd Illinois Cavalry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, Volume 7, Revised by Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Adjutant General, 1900       View Entire Book

Regimental History
Second Illinois Cavalry. Cols., Silas Noble, John J. Mudd, Daniel B. Bush, Jr., Benjamin F. Marsh, Jr.; Lieut. -Cols., Harvey Hogg, Quincy McNeil, John J. Mudd, Daniel B. Bush, Jr., Benjamin F. Marsh, Jr.; Majs., Louis H. Waters, Quincy McNeil, John J. Mudd, Daniel B. Bush, Jr., Hugh Fullerton, Benjamin F. Marsh, Jr., Thomas J. Larrison, John R. Hotaling, Franklin B. Moore, Thomas W. Jones. This regiment was organized at Camp Butler, was mustered into service Aug. 12, 1861, for three years, and with Co. M, which joined the regiment some months later, numbered 47 commissioned officers and 1,040 enlisted men. This number was increased by recruits and reenlistments, during its four and a half years' term of service, to 2,236 enlisted men and 145 commissioned officers. Deducting 12 commissions upon which the holders were not mustered, and counting only the highest grade in which each officer served, gives a total of 96 different persons who held commissions in the regiment. Of these, 6 were killed in battle, 2 died of wounds and 3 died of disease while in service, making a total of 11. The regiment left Camp Butler on Sept. 15, and encamped for brief periods at Carbondale, Du Quoin and Fort Massac, and about Oct. 1 arrived at Cairo. During the battle of Belmont, Mo., Nov. 7, Capt. Bowman with his company formed a line of couriers to the battle field and promptly transported a report of the battle. In December the regiment crossed over to Bird's Point, and did considerable scouting after Jeff Thompson, captured 6 of his men at Bertrand, and had its first man killed there by a Confederate bullet. The regiment then became considerably scattered. Seven companies were stationed at Columbus, Ky. ; A and B were with Grant in Tennessee, participating in the battles of Fort Henry, Fort Donelson and Shiloh; D and L at Cairo, and C at Caledonia, Ill. In Nov., 1862, six companies moved to La Grange, Tenn., and in December was a part of the garrison at Holly Springs, Miss., which was attacked by Van Dorn, and besides the killed and wounded, the companies lost 61 prisoners, about 150 horses, all camp and garrison equipage, books and records, in fact everything except what the men had on their horses. About Jan. 1, 1863, the regiment arrived at Memphis and while there dispersed a battalion of Confederates. On March 30 it took the advance in the Vicksburg campaign, with almost daily skirmishes until May 3, when the last of Grant's army crossed the Mississippi below Grand Gulf. After crossing the river it again took the advance with parts of the 3d Ill. and 6th Mo., and had almost constant skirmishing until the army invested Vicksburg on May 18. During the siege of Vicksburg the regiment was stationed on the Black river and had frequent skirmishes with Johnston's scouts. After the fall of Vicksburg, with parts of the 3d Ill. and 6th Mo., it again took the advance towards Jackson, fighting all the way to that place. In August it embarked for the Department of the Gulf, and in September started through southwestern Louisiana, going as far as Opelousas, having the advance as usual and skirmishing almost daily. On Nov. 7 Co. I charged into Vermillionville, killing and capturing several of the enemy. On an expedition sent out from New Iberia, Cos. H and F, numbering 60 men, made a dash upon over 100 Texas rangers, killed and captured about 70 without the loss of a man. While at New Iberia 150 men of these six companies reenlisted and in Feb., 1864, went home on a 30 days' furlough. The non-veterans left New Orleans, March 13 and took the advance of Banks' Red River campaign; again met the Texas cavalry and had frequent skirmishes with them; and in the battle of Mansfield the regiment lost several killed. In March, 1865, it started towards Fort Blakely, captured a train of cars with a Confederate paymaster, drove the enemy inside the works at Blakely on April 1, captured a battle flag and held position until the infantry invested the place. In June it went by steamer up Red river to Shreveport, where on June 23 the regiment was consolidated into six companies and the surplus officers and non-commissioned officers were mustered out.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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