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22nd Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
22nd Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, Volume 2, Revised by Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Adjutant General, 1900       View Entire Book

Regimental History
Twenty-second Illinois Infantry. Col., Henry Dougherty; Lieut.-Cols., Harrison E. Hart, Francis Swanwick; Majs., Enadies Probst, Francis Swanwick, George Abbott, Samuel Johnson. The 22nd infantry was organized at Belleville, May 11, 1861, and was mustered into the U. S. service at Caseyville on June 25, for three years. On July 11 it moved to Bird's Point, Mo. On Aug. 19, Col. Dougherty, with Cos. A, B, C, D and E, attacked Col. Hunter at Charleston, Mo., in the night, and drove him from his camp to the town in a hand-to-hand fight, capturing many prisoners and horses. In this engagement the regiment lost 1 killed and 11 wounded, and after the affair it returned to Bird's Point. On Nov. 7 seven companies were engaged in the battle of Belmont three being left to guard transports. The companies engaged lost 144 in killed, wounded and missing. The regiment was on detached duty a great deal of the time and not infrequently had single-handed engagements with the enemy. Early in the spring of 1862 the regiment left camp with one day's cooked rations to engage Gen. Jeff. Thompson, who was known to be in the neighborhood in force. Coming up with him at Sikeston, a running fight ensued and he was driven to his fortifications at New Madrid. In this engagement the regiment captured 2 guns and a few prisoners and returned to camp the third day without the loss of a man. On April 8 it joined an expedition to Tiptonville to intercept the retreating enemy from Island No. 10. Several thousand prisoners, including 2 generals, a large quantity of stores, ammunition, arms, etc., were captured. Early in May the regiment skirmished before Farmington and also participated in the battle of that name. It was engaged in the siege of Corinth and in pursuit of the enemy two weeks in June. It was an active participant in the battle of Stone's river, where it lost 199 out of 312 men who went into action. It is a singular fact that at the battle of Stone's river every horse belonging to the regiment, including the battery, was killed. After the occupation of Murfreesboro the regiment was in camp at different points around that place, foraging and skirmishing through the winter and spring. It was engaged in the battle of Chickamauga, on the extreme right of the army, and lost 135 officers and men out of an aggregate of less than 300. In proof of the severity of the action on the first day's battle, the regiment lost 96 men in less than 10 minutes, and most of them were down. The regiment remained in and around Chattanooga, suffering in common with the rest of the army from exposure and want of provisions, being frequently on less than half rations and almost destitute of blankets, clothing, tents, etc., until November, when with the remainder of Gen. Sheridan's division it was engaged in storming Missionary ridge, losing again between 30 and 40 out of the mere skeleton to which it had been reduced. It was engaged two days at Resaca, having about 20 men killed and wounded, and was in most of the other battles and skirmishes of the Atlanta campaign (being 11 days and nights under fire at New Hope Church) until June 10, when all but the recruits and veterans were ordered to Springfield, Ill., for muster-out, the latter event taking place on July 7, 1864. The veterans and recruits, whose term of service had not expired, were consolidated with the 42nd Ill. infantry.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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