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20th Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War
20th Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant
General of the State of Illinois, Volume 2, Revised by Brigadier General J.N.
Reece, Adjutant General, 1900
|Twentieth Illinois Infantry. — Cols., C. Carroll Marsh, Daniel
Bradley; Lieut.- Cols., William Erwin, Evan Richards, Daniel Bradley,
Henry King; Majs., John W. Goodwin, Evan Richards, Frederick A.
Bartleson, Daniel Bradley, George W. Kennard, Roland N. Evans. This
regiment was organized and went into camp at Joliet, Ill., on May 14,
1861, and on June 13, was mustered into the U. S. service for a term of
three years. On June 18 it moved by rail from Joliet to Camp Pope, near
Alton, Ill., where it went into camp, and on July 6 moved by boat to the
St. Louis arsenal. It had its baptism of fire in the battle of
Fredericktown and in Feb., 1862, it was engaged at Fort Donelson, Tenn.
In April it participated in the battle of Shiloh as a part of
McClernand's division, and was on the right wing of the army in the
advance on Corinth, Miss. In September it marched to relieve the troops
surrounded at Medon Station, Tenn., and in company with the 30th Ill.
volunteer infantry fought the battle of Britton's lane. In May, 1863, it
participated in the battle of Port Gibson, Miss., and during the same
month engaged in the battle of Raymond, after which it encamped at that
place. Two days later it participated in the first battle of Jackson,
and was also in the battle of Champion's hill. The following day it was
engaged in the battle of Big Black river and then took position with the
besieging forces at Vicksburg. It participated in the several assaults
on the works and during the entire Vicksburg campaign it was a part of
the 1st brigade of Logan's division. From Nov. 6, 1863, to Feb. 4, 1864,
it was in camp at the Big Black river, during which time a majority of
those composing the regiment reenlisted for three years, and from March
22 to April 22 those who had reenlisted were at home on veteran
furlough. Returning to the field, the regiment took position in the left
wing of Sherman's army in front of Kennesaw mountain, and from June 8 to
July 2 was engaged in the siege of the Confederate position at that
place. In July it was engaged in battles in front of Atlanta, being in
the 1st brigade, 3d division, 17th army corps, on the extreme left flank
of the army, and many of the regiment were surrounded and captured in
the battle of July 22. On Nov. 15 it started for Atlanta under Gen.
Sherman on the march to the sea, and in Jan., 1865, marched out of
Beaufort, S. C, on the Carolina campaign. It captured Pocotaligo and
encamped there until Jan. 30, when it continued in the victorious march,
and in May marched from Richmond to Alexandria, Va. It took part in the
grand review in Washington, D. C, was mustered out at Louisville, Ky.,
July 16, 1865, and then moved in a body to Chicago, where the men were
paid and the regiment disbanded.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 3
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