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1st Illinois Cavalry
in the American Civil War
1st Illinois Cavalry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant
General of the State of Illinois, Volume 7, Revised by Brigadier General J.N.
Reece, Adjutant General, 1900
|First Illinois Cavalry. — Col., Thomas A. Marshall; Lieut.
-Col., Henry M. Day; Majs., David P. Jenkins, Christopher A. Morgan,
Edward Wright. This regiment was organized — that is, seven companies,
A, B, C, D, E, F and G — at Alton, in 1861, and was mustered into the U.
S. service July 3 for three years. Cos. I, H and K were not mustered in
with the regiment, nor did they operate in the field as a part of the
regiment proper. From Alton the regiment moved to St. Charles, Mo.,
where Col. U. S. Grant was then in command. Soon thereafter, and while
on the way to Lexington, Co. C encountered a Confederate force at
Georgetown and a skirmish ensued, in which the company lost 1 man killed
and 4 wounded. The battle of Lexington was the principal engagement in
which the regiment took part, though it was ever on the alert and did
much scouting and valuable service in various ways. The regiment was
included in the surrender of the Federal forces at Lexington, the men
being paroled and sent home to await exchange. In November, however, the
government, having failed to effect an exchange of the non-commissioned
officers and privates, ordered them to Springfield and discharged them.
The regiment was reorganized at Benton barracks in June, 1862, but in
attempting to fill vacancies a great dissatisfaction ensued throughout
the entire command, which culminated in an order from the war department
disbanding and mustering out of the service the officers and men at
Benton barracks, July 14, 1862.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 3