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1st Illinois Cavalry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
1st Illinois Cavalry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, Volume 7, Revised by Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Adjutant General, 1900       View Entire Book

Regimental History
First Illinois Cavalry. Col., Thomas A. Marshall; Lieut. -Col., Henry M. Day; Majs., David P. Jenkins, Christopher A. Morgan, Edward Wright. This regiment was organized that is, seven companies, A, B, C, D, E, F and G at Alton, in 1861, and was mustered into the U. S. service July 3 for three years. Cos. I, H and K were not mustered in with the regiment, nor did they operate in the field as a part of the regiment proper. From Alton the regiment moved to St. Charles, Mo., where Col. U. S. Grant was then in command. Soon thereafter, and while on the way to Lexington, Co. C encountered a Confederate force at Georgetown and a skirmish ensued, in which the company lost 1 man killed and 4 wounded. The battle of Lexington was the principal engagement in which the regiment took part, though it was ever on the alert and did much scouting and valuable service in various ways. The regiment was included in the surrender of the Federal forces at Lexington, the men being paroled and sent home to await exchange. In November, however, the government, having failed to effect an exchange of the non-commissioned officers and privates, ordered them to Springfield and discharged them. The regiment was reorganized at Benton barracks in June, 1862, but in attempting to fill vacancies a great dissatisfaction ensued throughout the entire command, which culminated in an order from the war department disbanding and mustering out of the service the officers and men at Benton barracks, July 14, 1862.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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