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14th Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
14th Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, Volume 1, Revised by Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Adjutant General, 1900       View Entire Book

Regimental History
Fourteenth Illinois Infantry. Cols., John M. Palmer, Cyrus Hall ; Lieut.- Cols., Amory K. Johnson, William Cam; Majs., Jonathan Morris, John F. Nolte. The 14th was one of the regiments raised under the "Ten Regiment Bill," which anticipated the requirements of the general government by organizing, equipping and drilling a regiment in each Congressional district in the state for 30 days, unless sooner required for service by the United States. The companies were enlisted as follows : A by Capt. Thompson, Cass county ; B by Capt. Hall, Shelby county ; C by Capt. Corman, Macoupin county ; D by Capt. Bryant, Greene county ; E by Capt. Johnson, Menard county ; F by Capt. Littlefield, Jersey county ; G by Capt. Reiner, Sangamon county; H by Capt. Simpson, Christian county ; I by Capt. Morris, Morgan county ; K by Capt. Cam, Scott county. This gave one company from each county in what was then the 6th Congressional district. The companies met at Camp Duncan, Jacksonville, May 11, 1861, and were mustered into the state service, and on the 25th of the same month the regiment was mustered into the U. S. service, for three years. The field officers were elected by ballot, officers and soldiers all voting. The regiment remained at Camp Duncan for instruction until the latter part of June, then proceeded to Quincy, Ill., and from there to Missouri, where in connection with the 16th Ill. infantry it did good service in keeping down the spirit of rebellion. The Confederate force under Martin E. Green was dispersed, and James Green, U. S. senator, a fomenter of secession, was captured and paroled. In the sanguinary engagement of Shiloh, when the regiment first smelt powder from the enemy, the loss in killed and wounded was fully one-half the command engaged. The colors came out of that bloody conflict with 42 bullet holes through them, fully attesting the gallantry of the 14th in that memorable struggle. In the grand charge on the afternoon of April 7, which was the consummation of that splendid victory over the hosts of the Confederacy, the 14th Ill. was in the advance. The regiment took an active part in the siege of Corinth and in the glorious victory that followed 8 hours' hard fighting at the village of Metamora on the Hatchie river in October. Early in the spring of 1863 the command was ordered to Vicksburg, where it took part in the siege. Then it accompanied the expedition to Jackson, Miss., and took part in the siege until its evacuation. In August it proceeded to Natchez and formed part of the force which marched across the swamps of northeastern Louisiana to Harrisonburg, on Wachita river, and captured Fort Beauregard, where the ram "Queen of the West" had been sunk the spring before, and it accompanied Gen. Sherman on his Meridian raid. After the return of the regiment a large portion reenlisted as veterans, though its time would have expired in a few months. Returning from the North, where it had been on veteran furlough, it formed a part of the army in the advance on Atlanta, and there the 14th and 15th Ill., ever together since the fall of 1862, sharers of each others' sorrows and joys, weary marches and honorably earned laurels, were consolidated in the "14th and 15th Ill. Veteran Battalion."

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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