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14th Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War
14th Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant
General of the State of Illinois, Volume 1, Revised by Brigadier General J.N.
Reece, Adjutant General, 1900
|Fourteenth Illinois Infantry. — Cols., John M. Palmer, Cyrus
Hall ; Lieut.- Cols., Amory K. Johnson, William Cam; Majs., Jonathan
Morris, John F. Nolte. The 14th was one of the regiments raised under
the "Ten Regiment Bill," which anticipated the requirements of the
general government by organizing, equipping and drilling a regiment in
each Congressional district in the state for 30 days, unless sooner
required for service by the United States. The companies were enlisted
as follows : A by Capt. Thompson, Cass county ; B by Capt. Hall, Shelby
county ; C by Capt. Corman, Macoupin county ; D by Capt. Bryant, Greene
county ; E by Capt. Johnson, Menard county ; F by Capt. Littlefield,
Jersey county ; G by Capt. Reiner, Sangamon county; H by Capt. Simpson,
Christian county ; I by Capt. Morris, Morgan county ; K by Capt. Cam,
Scott county. This gave one company from each county in what was then
the 6th Congressional district. The companies met at Camp Duncan,
Jacksonville, May 11, 1861, and were mustered into the state service,
and on the 25th of the same month the regiment was mustered into the U.
S. service, for three years. The field officers were elected by ballot,
officers and soldiers all voting. The regiment remained at Camp Duncan
for instruction until the latter part of June, then proceeded to Quincy,
Ill., and from there to Missouri, where in connection with the 16th Ill.
infantry it did good service in keeping down the spirit of rebellion.
The Confederate force under Martin E. Green was dispersed, and James
Green, U. S. senator, a fomenter of secession, was captured and paroled.
In the sanguinary engagement of Shiloh, when the regiment first smelt
powder from the enemy, the loss in killed and wounded was fully one-half
the command engaged. The colors came out of that bloody conflict with 42
bullet holes through them, fully attesting the gallantry of the 14th in
that memorable struggle. In the grand charge on the afternoon of April
7, which was the consummation of that splendid victory over the hosts of
the Confederacy, the 14th Ill. was in the advance. The regiment took an
active part in the siege of Corinth and in the glorious victory that
followed 8 hours' hard fighting at the village of Metamora on the
Hatchie river in October. Early in the spring of 1863 the command was
ordered to Vicksburg, where it took part in the siege. Then it
accompanied the expedition to Jackson, Miss., and took part in the siege
until its evacuation. In August it proceeded to Natchez and formed part
of the force which marched across the swamps of northeastern Louisiana
to Harrisonburg, on Wachita river, and captured Fort Beauregard, where
the ram "Queen of the West" had been sunk the spring before, and it
accompanied Gen. Sherman on his Meridian raid. After the return of the
regiment a large portion reenlisted as veterans, though its time would
have expired in a few months. Returning from the North, where it had
been on veteran furlough, it formed a part of the army in the advance on
Atlanta, and there the 14th and 15th Ill., ever together since the fall
of 1862, sharers of each others' sorrows and joys, weary marches and
honorably earned laurels, were consolidated in the "14th and 15th Ill.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 3
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