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130th Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War

Online Books:
130th Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, Volume 6, Revised by Brigadier General J.N. Reece, Adjutant General, 1900       View Entire Book

Regimental History
One Hundred and Thirtieth Infantry. Col., Nathaniel Niles; Lieut.-Cols., James H. Matheny, John B. Reid; Maj., John B. Reid. This regiment was organized at Camp Butler and was mustered into the U. S. service on Oct. 25, 1862. The companies comprising it were organized in the counties of Alexander, Pond, Clark, Christian, Coles, Edgar, Monroe, Sangamon, Richland and Lawrence. Upon receiving its outfit of clothing and arms it left Camp Butler on Nov. 11 for Memphis, Tenn., where it arrived on the 17th and was assigned to the 16th army corps. It was engaged for the first time at Port Gibson and behaved like veterans. It continued with the army through Mississippi and was again engaged at Champion's hill and Black River bridge, at both of which places the enemy was driven from the field. The regiment remained at Vicksburg and vicinity until the following December, when it was transferred to the Department of the Gulf and in Feb., 1864, it started on the ill-fated Red River expedition. At the battle of Mansfield it lost severely in killed and wounded and nearly its entire number were captured and taken to Tyler, Tex., where they remained thirteen months as prisoners of war, and were paroled only a few days before the surrender of the entire Confederate army. The remainder of the regiment, a mere handful of men who succeeded in escaping, was afterward ordered to New Orleans and in Jan., 1865, was temporarily consolidated with the 77th Ill., with whom it was connected during the Mobile campaign, and until the latter was mustered out in July, 1865. Then the 130th was reorganized into a battalion of six companies. During the first week in August it was ordered to New Orleans for muster out, which was accomplished on Aug. 15, 1865, and it at once embarked for Springfield, Ill., where, on Aug. 31, it was paid off and finally discharged.

Footnotes:
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing Company, 1908 - Volume 3

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