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130th Illinois Infantry
in the American Civil War
130th Illinois Infantry Soldier Roster - Report of the Adjutant
General of the State of Illinois, Volume 6, Revised by Brigadier General J.N.
Reece, Adjutant General, 1900
|One Hundred and Thirtieth Infantry. — Col., Nathaniel
Niles; Lieut.-Cols., James H. Matheny, John B. Reid; Maj., John B. Reid.
This regiment was organized at Camp Butler and was mustered into the U.
S. service on Oct. 25, 1862. The companies comprising it were organized
in the counties of Alexander, Pond, Clark, Christian, Coles, Edgar,
Monroe, Sangamon, Richland and Lawrence. Upon receiving its outfit of
clothing and arms it left Camp Butler on Nov. 11 for Memphis, Tenn.,
where it arrived on the 17th and was assigned to the 16th army corps. It
was engaged for the first time at Port Gibson and behaved like veterans.
It continued with the army through Mississippi and was again engaged at
Champion's hill and Black River bridge, at both of which places the
enemy was driven from the field. The regiment remained at Vicksburg and
vicinity until the following December, when it was transferred to the
Department of the Gulf and in Feb., 1864, it started on the ill-fated
Red River expedition. At the battle of Mansfield it lost severely in
killed and wounded and nearly its entire number were captured and taken
to Tyler, Tex., where they remained thirteen months as prisoners of war,
and were paroled only a few days before the surrender of the entire
Confederate army. The remainder of the regiment, a mere handful of men
who succeeded in escaping, was afterward ordered to New Orleans and in
Jan., 1865, was temporarily consolidated with the 77th Ill., with whom
it was connected during the Mobile campaign, and until the latter was
mustered out in July, 1865. Then the 130th was reorganized into a
battalion of six companies. During the first week in August it was
ordered to New Orleans for muster out, which was accomplished on Aug.
15, 1865, and it at once embarked for Springfield, Ill., where, on Aug.
31, it was paid off and finally discharged.
Regimental history taken from "The Union Army" by Federal Publishing
Company, 1908 - Volume 3